The OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) defines sectors in high-, medium-, medium low-, and low technologies. Included in high-tech sectors are e.g. Pharmaceuticals and Electronics.
Research and Development (R&D)
Research is systematic work to find new knowledge or ideas with or without the aim of a particular purpose. Development is systematic work that uses research results, scientific knowledge or new ideas to bring about new material, goods, services, processes, systems, methods or significant improvements of those that already exist. Intramural R&D includes activities carried out in Sweden by the organisation's own personnel, or by consultants in an R&D project led by the organisation.
Person-years (person equivalents)
refers to the work carried out by a full-time employee during one year. A full-time employee who spent half his/her time working with R&D counts as 0.5 person-years.