This publishing of Regional Accounts presents for the first time figures according to the new Swedish Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SNI 2007). The transfer to the new industrial classification is also the reason for the unusually late publishing. Only two years, 2008 and 2009, are published according to SNI 2007. Calculations on the municipality level were made only for 2009, not for 2008. A longer time series according to the new industrial classification (SNI 2007), containing the period 2000-2010, will be published in December 2012.
GDPR is an indicator of a region’s output and can therefore be used for measuring and comparing the degree of economic activity of different regions. GDPR is not a measure of regional welfare or regional income. The sum of all regions’ GDPR is, by definition, equal to the GDP of the nation.
Change in volume is a traditional measure of economic growth. Comparisons in current prices, on the other hand, mean that both price and volume changes affect the figures. By removing the change in price, the change in volume is received.
The figures on change in volume for individual counties fluctuate considerably from one year to another, which calls for a word of caution. Instead of looking at a county’s change in volume for an individual year, the time frame should be extended to a few years in succession.
Commuting between regions affects GDPR per inhabitant. Commuters contribute to the production and GDPR of the region in which they work, but belong to the population of the region in which they reside. Commuting in to a region therefore affects that region's GDPR per inhabitant upwards while commuting out from the region naturally affects GDPR per inhabitant downwards.
GDPR per inhabitant is also influenced by population structures. A region with a relatively large share of the population outside the labour market/production (pensioners, children, etc.) tends to have a lower GDPR per inhabitant than a region where a larger share of the population participates in production.
The industrial structure affects GDPR per employed person. A region with a large proportion of capital intensive industries, with high operating surpluses in combination with few employees, tends to have a relatively high GDPR per employed person. By definition, general government reports no operating surpluses (or rather, reports operating surpluses equal to zero). Therefore, a region with a large proportion of its population employed in general government or in industries with low, or even negative, operating surpluses tends to have a relatively low GDPR per employed person. It should also be noted that the number of employed persons in a region consists of all the people working in that region (both the region’s inhabitants and people commuting in from other regions).
Households’ disposable income is an indicator of the consumption possibilities and savings possibilities of the households. The regional differences are smaller in households’ disposable income per inhabitant than in GDPR per inhabitant. Income is redistributed between individuals (and between regions) through government transfers.
Employment and compensation of employees according to Regional Accounts cannot be directly compared to other statistics on employment and compensation of employees published by Statistics Sweden since Regional Accounts are required to apply the European System of Accounts ESA95.