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Statistical news from Statistics Sweden and Swedish National Mediation Office

2011-05-24 9:30 AM Nr 2011:128

Structure of salaries 2010:

Non-manual workers within private sector have highest average monthly salaries

Non-manual workers in the private sector have the highest average monthly salary, SEK 34 000 according to the Structure of Salaries 2010. The lowest average monthly salary was found in the municipalities, at SEK 24 500. Manual workers in the private sector reported hourly wages and the average, total hourly wage was SEK 145.40. There were small changes in salary differences between men and women when consideration is taken to occupation, age, education, and working time.

On 6 September 2011 the National Mediation Office will present a more in-depth analysis of salary development and salary differences between men and women. The structure of salaries will be presented for the entire economy, with hourly wages calculated as monthly salaries.


Average monthly salary1 (hourly wage for manual workers within the private sector) by sex and sector 20102

Part-time salaries have been recalculated as corresponding full-time salaries. The different distribution of men and women among occupations, educations, age, or working time has not been considered.





Non-manual workers in private sector
29 700 37 500 34 000
Manual workers in private sector
134.50 149.30 145.40
24 200 25 700 24 500
County councils
28 300 38 500 30 300
Central government, national
29 400 32 900 31 100

1 The average salary or the mean value is the sum of the monthly salary and hourly wages in each group divided by the number of persons in each group.
The average monthly salary/hourly wage includes the following:
 Private sector: fixed wages, fixed supplements, payments per piece, shift supplement, hazard pay for risks, unsanitary conditions, heat, etc., benefits, on-call and availability pay,  travel time outside of ordinary working hours and weekend pay for workers.
Municipalities, county councils and central government: base pay including fixed supplements and variable supplements such as time outside ordinary working hours, on-call and availability pay.

2 The measuring period for the Structure of Salaries is a single month, namely September for the private and government sector employees and November for municipal and county council employees. This makes the statistics sensitive to which month the new salary contracts apply from and whether or not the new wages were paid at the measurement occasion. Salary increases after the month of measurement are thus not noted.  

Between September 2009 and the same month of 2010 the average total monthly earnings increased for non-manual workers in the private sector by 1.6 percent to SEK 34 000. The average earnings for women were SEK 29 700 and for men SEK 37 500. 1.3 million non-manual workers employed in the private sector are included in the statistics, of whom 45 percent were women.

During the same period the average hourly wage for manual workers in the private sector rose to SEK 145.40, an increase of 2.1 percent. The average hourly wage (total wage) was SEK 134.50 for women and SEK 149.30 for men. 1.2 million non-manual workers employed in the private sector are included in the statistics, of whom 31 percent were women.

In the municipalities the average monthly salary increased from November 2009 to November 2010 by 1.8 percent to SEK 24 500. The average salary for women was SEK 24 200 and for men SEK 25 700. 774 000 employees are included in the statistics, of whom 79 percent were women.

Within county councils the average monthly salary between November 2009 and the same month in 2010 increased by 2.3 percent to SEK 30 300. The average salary for women was SEK 28 300 and for men SEK 38 500. 230 000 employees are included in the statistics, of whom 79 percent were women.

Between September 2009 and the same month of 2010 the average monthly salary increased for central government by 2.3 percent to SEK 31 100. The average salary for women was SEK 29 400 and for men SEK 32 900. 225 000 employees are included in the statistics, of whom 51 percent were women.

Salary differences between men and women

Considering that men and women are unevenly distributed in occupations, age, education and working hours, salary differences have decreased in all sectors since 2004. The greatest change between 2009 and 2010 was among the non-manual workers in the private sector, where the salary difference decreased by 0.7 percentage point.

Information about the change in salary differences over time should be interpreted with due caution. Aside from the effects of a changed sample of businesses and revised control variables, the calculated salary difference can be affected by the developments of collectively negotiated agreements and whether or not the negotiated salary increases have been paid out in time for the measurement occasion.

Women's average salaries as a percentage of men's 2004-2010

The comparison in the table below is done with a standard weighting method with due consideration for the different distribution men and women with regard to occupations, education, age, and working hours.


Non-manual workers, private sector

Manual workers, private sector


County councils

Central government, national

89.6 94.5 99.0 93.9 *
90.2 94.4 99.1 94.7 92.9
90.3 94.9 99.0 94.8 93.5
90.6 94.7 98.8 95.2 93.7
90.1 95.6 99.1 95.0 93.0


91.1 95.7 98.6 95.6 93.7


91.2 96.4 99.1 95.6 94.0
1.6 1.9 0.1 1.7 1.1

* Information for the government sector is missing for 2004 because the government introduced a new system for occupational classification in that year. 

Definitions and explanations

Facts about Structure of Salaries

Structure of Salaries is an annual survey based on individual information. It contains information about sex, occupation, age, education, working hours and region as well as different combinations of these variables. The purpose of the survey is to offer comparative information about the structure of salaries in the labour market. It illustrates the level, structure and development of salaries.

Thus, it is appropriate to use the Structure of the Salaries as a basis for comparative purposes between men's and women's salaries. It is not suitable to use the annual Structure of Salaries to evaluate the salary development for separate, smaller groups because the figures of change also depend on changes to a group's composition, e.g. young people who enter the work force and elderly who leave it.

The statistics are divided into five sectors, private sector: non-manual workers and manual workers, municipalities, county councils and central government. These statistics are broken down by industrial sector within the private sector. A sample survey is conducted for the private sector, comprising roughly half of all employees, while the public sector is given a total survey.


The statistics that are published in connection to this press release are available through the following links:

More about...

The National Mediation Office is the agency responsible for the official statistics on wages and salaries.

The statistics are produced by Statistics Sweden. Information about the quality of the statistics, production methods, tables and graphs can be found on Statistics Sweden’s website. 


Next publishing will be

On 6 September 2011 the statistics on salaries for the entire economy will be presented, with hourly wages re-calculated to monthly salaries.

Responsible authority

Swedish National Mediation Office
Box 1236, SE-111 82 Stockholm
Fax +46 8 650 68 36


John Ekberg
+46 8 545 292 42



Statistics Sweden
S-701 89 Örebro


Daniel Widegren
+46 19 17 64 04

Lena Larsson
+46 19 17 60 19

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

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