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Intramural R&D expenditure in the government sector by source of funds, 2019, SEK millions

Source of funds  
Total [1] 7 719
Government appropriations excluding ALF-funds 1 304
ALF-funds [2] 1 886
Self-financing 2 229
Defence agencies 795
Civil governmental authorities 416
Other government funds [3] 242
Private sector [4] 327
Abroad excluding the EU 130
EU framework program for R&D 105
EU excl. Framework program and ERC (European Research Council) 61

1) Intramural R&D in the local and regional R&D sector is only included in the total.

2) ALF (Agreement for Medical training and Research) refers to an agreement on compensation that the central government pays to certain county councils to cover the majority of costs that clinical training and research incur.

3) Other government funds includes higher education sector, county councils, municipalities, grants and public research fundations.

4) Private sector includes Swedish enterprises, industry R&D organisations and private non-profit sector.

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