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Total environmental taxes in Sweden 1993–2020

Current prices, SEK million

  1993 2000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020[*]
Total 47 577 62 615 86 312 87 565 90 156 86 853 86 511 86 265 84 414 89 408 94 514 95 043 96 860 100 955 99 026
Energy tax 38 073 52 315 68 542 69 827 72 455 69 832 69 747 68 731 66 513 69 461 73 608 73 262 73 207 75 848 73 978
Waste incineration tax                             248
Tax on diesel oil 591                            
Energy tax on fuels 19 798 27 175 19 761 20 226 20 146 20 414 19 906 19 895 19 319 20 356 23 559 23 664 25 270 26 617 25 523
Energy tax on electricity 5 717 11 298 19 146 20 082 20 930 20 169 20 630 20 754 19 827 20 379 21 309 23 213 24 475 25 654 26 243
Carbon dioxide tax 10 651 12 067 25 639 26 085 27 334 25 369 25 243 24 031 23 333 24 604 24 139 23 530 22 983 22 167 20 388
Nuclear power tax 100 827                          
Tax on thermal effect of nuclear power   881 3 976 3 395 3 997 3 852 3 939 4 037 3 841 3 768 4 254 2 564      
Sulphur tax 187 67 20 39 48 28 29 14 10 12 11 10 13 5 2
Emisson permits                 183 342 336 281 466 1 405 1 574
Hydroelectic power tax 1 029                            
Tax on pollution 1 020 2 316 1 470 1 194 1 148 1 137 995 886 959 1 047 1 051 1 696 2 403 2 533 2 842
Fee to the battery fund   133 76 14 25 8 4 4 4 4 4 4 0 4 0
Fee for chemical products 16 56 71 68 34 45 44 2 42 43 50 48 49 47 50
Tax on insecticides 13 58 89 72 86 86 93 93 105 115 127 122 131 126 129
Tax on chemicals                       734 1 377 1 468 1 630
Environmental protection fee [1] 77 116 0                        
NOx fee 533 511 536 673 714 794 656 668 668 588 568 604 612 636 600
Tax on waste   1 085 332 189 289 204 198 119 140 297 302 184 234 252 211
Tax on insecticides and fertilizers 196                            
Tax on commercial fertilizers 185 357 366 178                      
Tax on plastic bags                             222
Tax on natural resources   125 254 166 153 163 167 146 138 147 157 161 147 138 131
Natural gravel tax   125 254 166 153 163 167 146 138 147 157 161 147 138 131
Tax on transportation 8 484 7 859 16 046 16 378 16 400 15 721 15 602 16 502 16 804 18 753 19 698 19 924 21 103 22 436 22 075
Fee for vehicles 259                            
Fee to the vehicle scrap fund 106 253                          
Tax on air travel                         1 267 1 786 495
Vehicle tax 4 095 6 847 11 307 11 683 11 875 11 235 11 191 11 493 11 576 13 290 13 383 13 272 13 156 13 908 14 679
Sales tax on motor vehicles 1 287 194                          
Kilometre tax 2 737                            
Tax on road traffic insurance     3 270 3 019 2 948 2 907 2 828 2 765 2 800 2 810 2 840 2 894 2 886 2 829 2 792
Congestion tax     687 785 799 800 811 1 493 1 675 1 834 2 578 2 743 2 722 2 684 2 850
Road charges   565 782 891 778 779 772 751 753 819 897 1 015 1 072 1 229 1 259
                               
Per cent of GDP in Sweden 2.87 2.60 2.53 2.62 2.52 2.33 2.31 2.26 2.11 2.10 2.14 2.05 2.01 2.00 1.99
Per cent of total taxes and social contributions in Sweden 6.23 5.35 5.75 6.00 5.88 5.55 5.49 5.31 5.01 4.92 4.86 4.66 4.58 4.67 4.66
Per cent env. tax of total GDP (average in EU27)   2.58 2.28 2.36 2.36 2.41 2.45 2.47 2.47 2.45 2.47 2.42 2.4 2.37  

* Preliminary data

1) Exist also after 2004 but is now registered in a way so it does not count as a tax in the system.

Definitions and explanations

The used definition of an environmental tax was elaborated by Eurostat and OECD and makes comparable studies possible between different countries:

"...it has been chosen to single out the tax base that seem to have a particular environmental relevance, and to consider all taxes levied on these tax bases as environmentally related regardless of motives behind their introduction, their names etc."

According to the definition it is the tax base that determines whether or not the tax is an environmental tax.

More about the results

Source file
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Source
SCB

Last updated
2020-10-06

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