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Total environmental taxes in Sweden 1993–2016

Current prices, SEK million

  1993 2000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016[*]
Total 48 691 63 252 86 898 88 203 91 320 87 952 88 556 89 064 86 759 92 891 98 000
Energy tax 39 187 52 952 69 128 70 465 73 619 70 931 71 792 71 530 68 858 72 944 77 094
Fee to nuclear fuel fund 1 114 637 650 845 1 033 1 041 2 412 2 480 2 452 3 468 3 736
Tax on diesel oil 591                    
Energy tax on fuels 19 798 27 175 19 761 20 226 20 146 20 414 19 906 19 895 19 319 20 356 23 559
Energy tax on electricity 5 717 11 298 19 082 19 875 21 061 20 227 20 263 21 073 19 720 20 394 21 059
Carbon dioxide tax 10 651 12 067 25 639 26 085 27 334 25 369 25 243 24 031 23 333 24 604 24 139
Nuclear power tax 100 827                  
Tax on thermal effect of nuclear power   881 3 976 3 395 3 997 3 852 3 939 4 037 3 841 3 768 4 254
Sulphur tax 187 67 20 39 48 28 29 14 10 12 11
Emisson permits                 183 342 336
Hydroelectic power tax 1 029                    
Tax on pollution 1 020 2 316 1 470 1 194 1 148 1 137 995 886 959 1 047 1 051
Fee to the battery fund   133 76 14 25 8 4 4 4 4 4
Fee for chemical products 16 56 71 68 34 45 44 2 42 43 50
Tax on insecticides 13 58 89 72 86 86 93 93 105 115 127
Environmental protection fee [1] 77 116 0                
NOx fee 533 511 536 673 714 794 656 668 668 588 568
Tax on waste   1 085 332 189 289 204 198 119 140 297 302
Tax on insecticides and fertilizers 196                    
Tax on commercial fertilizers 185 357 366 178 0 0          
Tax on natural resources   125 254 166 153 163 167 146 138 147 157
Natural gravel tax   125 254 166 153 163 167 146 138 147 157
Tax on transportation 8 484 7 859 16 046 16 378 16 400 15 721 15 602 16 502 16 804 18 753 19 698
Fee for vehicles 259                    
Fee to the vehicle scrap fund 106 253 0 0 0 0          
Vehicle tax 4 095 6 847 11 307 11 683 11 875 11 235 11 191 11 493 11 576 13 290 13 383
Sales tax on motor vehicles 1 287 194 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kilometre tax 2 737                    
Tax on road traffic insurance     3 270 3 019 2 948 2 907 2 828 2 765 2 800 2 810 2 840
Congestion tax     687 785 799 800 811 1 493 1 675 1 834 2 578
Road charges   565 782 891 778 779 772 751 753 819 897
                       
Per cent of GDP in Sweden 2.98 2.66 2.57 2.68 2.59 2.41 2.40 2.36 2.20 2.22 2.24
Per cent env. tax of total GDP (average in EU27)     2.28 2.36 2.37 2.40 2.43 2.45 2.46 2.44  
Per cent of total taxes and social contributions in Sweden 6.40 5.42 5.83 6.08 6.00 5.66 5.65 5.51 5.18 5.13 5.10

* Preliminary data

1) Exist also after 2004 but is now registered in a way so it does not count as a tax in the system.

Definitions and explanations

The used definition of an environmental tax was elaborated by Eurostat and OECD and makes comparable studies possible between different countries:

"...it has been chosen to single out the tax base that seem to have a particular environmental relevance, and to consider all taxes levied on these tax bases as environmentally related regardless of motives behind their introduction, their names etc."

According to the definition it is the tax base that determines whether or not the tax is an environmental tax.

More about the results

Source file
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Source
SCB

Last updated
2017-10-04

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