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Total environmentally motivated direct subsidies, 2000–2020. Corrected 2021-05-26

SEK million

 200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total 5 413 6 906 7 022 5 943 6 339 6 690 7 113 6 609 6 461 7 802 7 717 7 640 6 552 6 017 5 793 4 694 6 925 7 953 13 875 11 458 13 772
Resource-related subsidies: 3 216 4 214 4 156 3 642 3 705 4 223 4 118 3 263 3 071 3 051 3 728 3 709 3 226 3 265 3 072 1 801 2 871 2 900 5 638 5 392 5 810
Support for landscape and biodiversity [1] 355.3 439.4 757.7 565.3 956.4 1 300.6 1 505.0 423.8 500.8 495.5 561.7 517.1 347.4 340.9 460.3 710.5 600.8 688.8 839.1 894.4 862.2
Environmental research 138.0 195.1 96.5 94.9 96.7 148.5 152.1 421.4 120.7 151.6 158.8 171.1 173.9 186.5 195.7 208.8 358.6 396.8 428.1 409.7 415.2
Return of taxes on fertilizer and pesticides 0.0 0.0 61.1 235.5 250.8 265.6 64.4 167.8 190.3 183.6 153.9 132.6 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Support for the environment in the sea 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 34.5 106.0 167.3 147.2 133.5 155.9 129.4 142.5 138.9 120.6 25.7 115.8 105.5
Support for sustainable cities 632.1 1 133.9 650.1 479.1 214.6 86.9 ‑31.5 6.3 ‑17.4 0.0 94.5 128.7 9.8 9.2 2.8 ‑8.8 4.2 2.1 68.7 45.5 14.3
Chemicals 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 2.3 2.6 3.1 3.5 2.3 0.0 0.0 3.0 2.8 10.1 16.6 16.2 13.4
Support for environmental marking 3.9 3.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.4 0.0 4.4 4.4 3.9 4.4
Subsidy to preserve the fish [2] 2.2 3.3 3.8 8.8 4.2 7.8 6.8 18.4 18.2 20.7 18.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Measures for improving the environment in the agricultural sector[3] 2 068.0 2 417.0 2 569.1 2 234.1 2 152.9 2 369.9 2 381.1 2 168.9 2 163.9 2 038.0 2 517.7 2 560.4 2 512.1 2 524.6 2 244.5 716.5 1 691.2 1 655.9 4 133.3 3 775.3 4 256.9
Other 16.9 21.2 13.6 19.5 25.4 39.7 35.3 46.4 53.2 48.8 48.2 41.9 40.5 43.6 34.7 24.8 74.0 21.6 121.8 131.2 138.2
Energy-related subsidies: 1 022 1 239 1 526 1 039 973 632 593 1 292 1 255 2 077 1 465 1 654 1 272 1 213 1 127 830 1 234 1 543 2 028 592 1 752
Energy research 303.6 263.0 292.5 247.5 163.4 166.0 292.3 329.6 384.6 688.2 624.6 772.4 661.8 570.0 594.2 538.6 649.7 719.7 716.5 750.1 746.5
Support for more efficient use of energy and energy technology 366.3 481.4 782.4 620.5 602.0 402.7 241.3 871.0 724.5 1 060.6 525.3 626.8 423.1 362.4 380.2 117.7 146.5 200.5 255.5 161.7 158.0
Support related to nuclear safety [4] 6.3 33.7 40.2 11.6 12.5 11.7 11.9 39.1 61.5 69.5 75.2 59.0 65.4 63.6 48.3 31.8 60.9 8.9 17.0 8.2 28.4
Small-scale electricity support 172.7 239.5 243.5 105.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Renewable energy 173.4 221.8 167.3 54.3 195.6 51.6 47.9 52.4 84.5 258.6 239.8 195.5 121.2 217.0 104.6 141.9 376.9 614.1 1 039.1 ‑327.5 819.1
Emission-reducing subsidies 18 18 22 43 250 123 470 541 670 934 574 ‑9 ‑31 149 216 610 1 404 1 521 3 290 2 687 3 507
Different supports in the climate area 11.7 18.1 21.8 43.2 249.9 122.9 470.4 197.4 318.6 510.0 435.8 ‑27.2 ‑57.3 86.8 98.4 252.4 775.3 666.7 2 314.1 736.8 1 303.7
Eco car subsidy [5] 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 40.8 321.9 348.8 41.0 0.0 20.0 62.2 117.1 347.0 348.0 450.8 322.4 1 280.3 2 077.7
Transport related research 6.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.2 29.6 75.5 97.0 18.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Congestion tax in Gothenburg and Stockholm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 297.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 6.2 0.2 0.2 10.7 281.2 403.7 653.4 669.8 125.9
Environmentally related aid and international cooperation 1 157 1 435 1 318 1 219 1 410 1 712 1 932 1 514 1 464 1 739 1 950 2 286 2 086 1 390 1 378 1 454 1 416 1 988 2 919 2 787 2 703
Environmental aid [6] 1 084.8 1 394.5 1 262.1 1 159.1 1 345.0 1 644.9 1 865.9 1 477.9 1 431.4 1 702.2 1 914.1 2 219.7 2 016.1 1 323.5 1 323.2 1 341.3 1 299.5 1 675.9 2 623.6 2 521.6 2 448.9
International cooperation 71.8 40.1 55.5 59.8 64.8 66.9 65.8 35.9 33.1 37.0 36.2 66.4 69.7 66.2 54.9 112.4 116.0 311.9 295.4 265.4 253.9
Receiver                                          
Enterprises 2 749.1 3 399.6 3 509.1 3 005.7 2 925.5 2 997.4 2 750.4 3 058.3 2 855.6 3 266.5 3 531.6 3 832.0 3 360.1 3 378.1 3 158.7 1 669.2 3 106.0 3 267.9 7 109.2 4 988.6 6 406.7
Rest of the world 1 181.7 1 420.6 1 260.6 1 102.3 1 347.1 1 430.2 1 579.9 1 297.9 1 318.2 1 862.1 2 003.8 2 140.8 1 941.0 1 306.7 1 265.7 1 401.0 1 519.5 1 839.5 2 475.5 2 688.2 2 339.3
Other[7] 1 482.3 2 085.5 2 252.1 1 835.2 2 066.1 2 262.5 2 782.8 2 252.9 2 286.9 2 672.9 2 181.3 1 667.3 1 251.0 1 332.1 1 368.4 1 624.1 2 299.1 2 845.2 4 290.1 3 781.5 5 026.3
Per cent of BNP in Sweden[8] 0.22% 0.28% 0.27% 0.22% 0.22% 0.23% 0.23% 0.20% 0.19% 0.23% 0.22% 0.20% 0.18% 0.16% 0.15% 0.11% 0.16% 0.17% 0.29% 0.23% 0.28%

1) The appropriations included in this group has changed name over the years. Included are Protection of valuable nature and Support for valuable nature.

2) The appropriation behind this group has ended 2013 and is now included in "Support for the environment in the sea".

3) Mainly environmental supports in agriculture, such as for example conservation of biodiversity in the farmed landscape and environmentally friendly agriculture. About half is paid by EU. Only refer to the environmental supports in the Rural Development Programme but there are also other support in the programme with an environmental motive. Included from 2015 is the greening support.

4) This post includes both national and international subsidies for nuclear safety.

5) The eco car subsidy ended in 2010 and has been replaced by a so called super eco car subsidy from 2012.

6) Included is what is paid out from SIDA (the share themselves say is primarily environmentally motivated) and from the budget line called Biståndsverksamhet/aid activities. It also includes subsidies related to the environment that is partially environmental based on a share of other development activities.

7)Others includes: public sector, private consumption and the non-profit organisations.

8) GDP at market price, current prices. 2019 and 2020 preliminary GDP.

Comments

In several cases smaller or similar budget lines have been grouped together in order to make the result/table easier to analyse. In the Excel file for download we xplaining which budget lines each subsidy contains of.

Definitions and explanations

An environmentally motivated subsidy is determined by the motivation of the subsidy/the appropriation that gave rise to the subsidy. Does not include all subsidies from EU. Includes payments from Government (classifiesdas given support) to producers, individuals, organisations, non-profit-making associations, municipalities and county councils as well as to  EU countries and international activities. This definition is broader than the one used in the national accounts.

The definition of a subsidy used by Statistics Sweden's environmental accountants  is based on the transfer in the Result of the government budget  called (free translation) "Given  support". Only if such a transfer is given from a budget  that has been classified as environmentally motivated, it will be included in the table above  as environmentally motivated subsidies. There can also be many other payments, such as for example salaries and rent, from a n apropriation classified as environmentally motivated and those payments will not be included above.

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More about the results

Source file
Download as Excel

Source
SCB

Last updated
2021-05-18

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