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Total environmentally motivated direct subsidies, 2000–2017

SEK million

 200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Total
5 413 6 906 7 022 5 943 6 339 6 690 6 923 6 585 6 473 7 831 7 731 8 041 6 897 7 545 7 387 8 351 9 416 10 113
Resource-related subsidies
3 216 4 214 4 156 3 642 3 705 4 223 4 118 3 263 3 071 3 051 3 728 3 709 3 226 3 265 3 072 3 686 4 919 5 151
Support for landscape and biodiversity [1]
355 439 758 565 956 1 301 1 505 424 501 496 562 517 347 341 460 711 601 689
Environmental research
138 195 97 95 97 148 152 421 121 152 159 171 174 187 196 209 356 397
Return of taxes on fertilizer and pesticides
61 235 251 266 64 168 190 184 154 133 2 0 0
Support for the environment in the sea
3 34 106 167 141 128 151 125 135 140 121
Support for sustainable cities
632 1 134 650 479 215 87 ‑31 6 ‑17 0 95 129 10 9 3 ‑9 4 2
Chemicals
2 2 3 3 4 2     3 3 10
Support for environmental marking of products
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3   4
Subsidy to preserve the fish [2]
2 3 4 9 4 8 7 18 18 21 18 2 0
Measures for improving the environment in the agricultural sector[3]
2 068 2 417 2 569 2 234 2 153 2 370 2 381 2 169 2 164 2 038 2 518 2 560 2 512 2 525 2 244 2 602 3 742 3 907
Other
17 21 14 20 25 40 35 46 53 49 48 48 46 49 39 32 74 22
Energy-related subsidies
1 022 1 239 1 526 1 039 973 632 593 1 292 1 255 2 077 1 465 1 654 1 272 1 213 1 127 805 1 280 1 543
Energy research
304 263 292 248 163 166 292 330 385 688 625 772 662 570 594 539 650 719
Support for more efficient use of energy and energy technology
366 481 782 620 602 403 241 871 725 1 061 525 627 423 362 380 118 146 201
Support related to nuclear safety [4]
6 34 40 12 12 12 12 39 62 69 75 59 65 64 48 6 107 9
Small-scale electricity support
173 240 243 106 0
Renewable energy
173 222 167 54 196 52 48 52 84 259 240 195 121 217 105 142 377 614
Emission-reducing subsidies
18 18 22 43 250 123 470 541 670 934 574 ‑9 ‑31 149 216 610 1 404 1 521
Different supports in the climate area
12 18 22 43 250 123 470 197 319 510 436 ‑27 ‑57 87 98 252 775 667
Eco car subsidy [5]
41 322 349 41 20 62 117 347 348 451
Transport related research
6 5 30 76 97 18 0 0
Congestion tax in Gothenburg and Stockholm
297 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 11 281 404
Environmentally related aid and international cooperation
1 157 1 435 1 318 1 219 1 410 1 712 1 742 1 490 1 477 1 769 1 965 2 688 2 431 2 918 2 972 3 250 1 813 1 898
Environmental aid [6]
1 085 1 395 1 262 1 159 1 345 1 645 1 676 1 454 1 444 1 732 1 928 2 621 2 361 2 852 2 917 3 112 1 687 1 577
International cooperation
72 40 56 60 65 67 66 36 33 37 36 66 70 66 55 138 126 321
Receiver
                                   
Enterprises
2 749 3 400 3 509 3 006 2 926 2 997 2 750 3 058 2 856 3 267 3 532 3 832 3 360 3 378 3 159 3 556 5 207 5 546
The Rest of the World
1 182 1 421 1 261 1 102 1 347 1 430 1 430 1 279 1 328 1 886 2 015 2 543 2 287 2 756 2 763 3 128 1 869 1 755
Others[7]
1 482 2 086 2 252 1 835 2 066 2 262 2 743 2 248 2 289 2 678 2 184 1 666 1 250 1 411 1 465 1 668 2 340 2 812
Per cent of BNP in Sweden[8]
0.23% 0.28% 0.27% 0.22% 0.23% 0.23% 0.22% 0.20% 0.19% 0.24% 0.22% 0.22% 0.19% 0.20% 0.19% 0.20% 0.21% 0.22%

 1) The appropriations included in this group has changed name over the years. Included are Protection of valuable nature and Support for valuable nature.  

2)  The aprpopriation behind this group has ended 2013 and is now included in "Support for the environment in the sea".

3) Mainly environmental supports in agriculture, such as for example conservation of biodiversity in the farmed landscape and environmentally friendly agriculture. About half is paid by EU. Only refer to the environmental supports in the Rural Development Programme but there are also other support in the programme with an environmental motive. Included from 2015 is the greening support.

4) This post includes both national and international subsidies for nuclear safety

5) The eco car subsidy ended in 2010 and has been replaced by a so called super eco car subsidy from 2012.   

6) Included is what is paid out from SIDA (the share themselves say is primarily environmentally motivated) and from the budget line called Biståndsverksamhet/aid activities.  It also includes subsidies related to the environment that is partially environmental based on a share  of other  development activities. T

7)Others includes: public sector, private consumption and the non-profit organisations

8)GDP at market price, current prices.

Comments

In several cases smaller or similar budget lines have been grouped together in order to make the result/table easier to analyse. In the Excel file for download we xplaining which budget lines each subsidy contains of.

Definitions and explanations

An environmentally motivated subsidy is determined by the motivation of the subsidy/the appropriation that gave rise to the subsidy. Does not include all subsidies from EU. Includes payments from Government (classifiesdas given support) to producers, individuals, organisations, non-profit-making associations, municipalities and county councils as well as to  EU countries and international activities. This definition is broader than the one used in the national accounts.

The definition of a subsidy used by Statistics Sweden's environmental accountants  is based on the transfer in the Result of the government budget  called (free translation) "Given  support". Only if such a transfer is given from a budget  that has been classified as environmentally motivated, it will be included in the table above  as environmentally motivated subsidies. There can also be many other payments, such as for example salaries and rent, from a n apropriation classified as environmentally motivated and those payments will not be included above.

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More about the results

Source file
Download as Excel

Source
SCB

Last updated
2018-05-17

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