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Total environmentally motivated direct subsidies, 2000–2016

SEK million

  2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total
5 414 6 906 7 020 5 943 6 338 6 690 7 112 6 625 6 464 7 797 7 658 8 071 7 224 7 831 7 369 6 217 7 371
Resource-related subsidies
3 216 4 214 4 156 3 641 3 705 4 224 4 117 3 262 3 070 3 052 3 727 3 709 3 225 3 265 3 072 1 799 2 934
Support for liming and protecting the nature [1]
336 332 344 403 509 868 902 331 423 401 432 309 216 213 348 585 469
Support to sanitation of polluted areas
19 108 414 163 448 432 603 93 77 94 130 208 132 128 112 126 132
Environmental research
138 195 97 95 97 148 152 421 121 152 159 171 174 187 196 209 356
Return of taxes on fertilizer and pesticides
- 61 235 251 266 64 168 190 184 154 133 2 0
Support for the environment in the sea
- - - - 31 103 164 138 125 148 122 132 132
Support for sustainable cities
632 1 134 650 479 215 87 ‑31 6 ‑17 0 95 129 10 9 3 ‑9 4
Chemicals
              2 2 3 3 4 2 3 3
Support for environmental marking
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3
Subsidy to preserve the fish [2]
2 3 4 9 4 8 7 18 18 21 18 2
Measures for improving the environment in the agricultural sector[3]
2 068 2 417 2 569 2 234 2 153 2 370 2 381 2 169 2 164 2 038 2 518 2 560 2 512 2 525 2 244 715 1 757
Other
17 21 14 20 25 40 35 49 56 52 51 51 49 52 42 35 82
Energy-related subsidies
1 023 1 240 1 525 1 040 973 632 593 1 292 1 256 2 077 1 465 1 653 1 272 1 213 1 127 805 1 280
Energy research
304 263 292 248 163 166 292 330 385 688 625 772 662 570 594 539 650
Support for more efficient use of energy and energy technology
366 481 782 620 602 403 241 871 725 1 061 525 627 423 362 380 160 146
Support related to nuclear safety [4]
6 34 40 12 12 12 12 39 62 69 75 59 65 64 48 6 107
Small-scale electricity support
173 240 243 106 - - - -
Renewable energy
173 222 167 54 196 52 48 52 84 259 240 195 121 217 105 100 377
Of which Support for solar heat
14 14 64 122 79 68 96 89 83
Of which Support to windpower
50 52 48 38 70 195 118 107 29 33 12 10 6
Of which Support to other renewable energy sources
173 222 167 54 146 10 24 88 3 7 371
Emission-reducing subsidies
12 18 22 43 250 123 470 197 319 510 436 ‑27 ‑57 87 98 252 775
Different supports in the climate area
12 18 22 43 250 123 470 197 319 510 436 ‑27 ‑57 87 98 252 775
Transport-related subsidies
6 0 0 0 0 0 0 343 352 425 138 18 20 62 117 358 629
Transport related research
6 5 30 76 97 18 0 0
Congestion tax in Gothenburg and Stockholm
297 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 281
Eco car subsidy [5]
41 322 349 41 20 62 117 347 348
Environmentally related aid and international cooperation
1 157 1 435 1 318 1 219 1 410 1 712 1 932 1 530 1 468 1 734 1 892 2 718 2 765 3 204 2 955 3 003 1 753
Environmental aid [6]
1 085 1 395 1 262 1 159 1 345 1 645 1 866 1 494 1 435 1 697 1 856 2 652 2 695 3 138 2 900 2 865 1 640
International cooperation
72 40 56 60 65 67 66 36 33 37 36 66 70 66 55 138 113
Receiver
                                 
Enterprises
2 749 3 400 3 509 3 006 2 926 2 997 2 750 3 058 2 856 3 267 3 532 3 832 3 362 3 379 3 159 1 668 3 220
The Rest of the World
1 182 1 421 1 261 1 102 1 347 1 430 1 580 1 311 1 321 1 858 1 957 2 570 2 581 3 009 2 748 2 906 1 816
Others[7]
1 482 2 086 2 252 1 835 2 066 2 262 2 783 2 256 2 288 2 672 2 170 1 670 1 288 1 443 1 463 1 643 2 335
Per cent of BNP in Sweden[8]
0.23% 0.28% 0.27% 0.22% 0.23% 0.23% 0.23% 0.20% 0.19% 0.24% 0.22% 0.22% 0.20% 0.21% 0.19% 0.15% 0.17%

1) The budget line/lines behind this subsidy has changed name over the years. For 2011 the budget lines included are Protection of valuable nature and Support for valuable nature.   

2)  The budget line behind this subsidy has ended 2013 and is now included in "Support for the environment in the sea".

3) Mainly environmental supports in agriculture, such as for example conservation of biodiversity in the farmed landscape and environmentally friendly agriculture. About half is paid by EU. Only refer to the environmental supports in the Rural Development Programme but there are also other support in the programme with an environmental motive. Not the actual payment is presented but a periodised result based on statistics from the the Swedish Board of Agriculture.

4) This post includes both national and international subsidies for nuclear safety.

5) The eco car subsidy ended in 2010 and has been replaced by a so called super eco car subsidy from 2012.   

6) Included is what is paid out from SIDA (the share themselves say is primarily environmentally motivated) and from the budget line called Biståndsverksamhet/aid activities.  It also includes subsidies related to the environment that is partially environmental based on a share  of other  development activities.

7) Others includes: public sector, private consumption and the non-profit organisations.

8) GDP at market price, current prices.

Comments

In several cases smaller or similar budget lines have been grouped together in order to make the result/table easier to analyse. In the Excel file for download we xplaining which budget lines each subsidy contains of.

Definitions and explanations

An environmentally motivated subsidy is determined by the motivation of the subsidy/the budget line that gave rise to the subsidy. Does not include all subsidies from EU. Includes payments from Government (classifiesdas given support) to producers, individuals, organisations, non-profit-making associations, municipalities and county councils as well as to  EU countries and international activities. This definition is broader than the one used in the national accounts.

The definition of a subsidy used by Statistics Sweden is based on the transfer in the Result of the government budget  called (free translation) "Given  support". Only if such a transfer is given from a budget line that has been classified as environmentally motivated, it will be included in the table above  as environmentally motivated subsidies. There can also be many other payments, such as for example salaries and rent, from a budget line classified as environmentally motivated and those payments will not be included above.

More about the results

Source file
Download as Excel

Source
SCB

Last updated
2017-05-18

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