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Formally Protected Nature in Sweden

  Total Land area and inland waters Marine water
  Area in hectares Share Area in hectares Share Area in hectares Share
Environmental Code, permanent formal protection            
National parks 743 502 1.4% 697 561 1.6% 45 941 0.6%
Nature reserves 5 040 985 9.5% 4 339 466 9.7% 701 520 8.6%
Nature conservation areas 149 346 0.3% 123 014 0.3% 26 332 0.3%
Habitat protection areas in forest land 32 713 0.1% 32 710 0.1% 3 0.0%
Habitat protection areas, other 475 0.0% 328 0.0% 146 0.0%
National City Park 2 614 0.0% 1 821 0.0% 794 0.0%
Natura 2000 7 802 894 12.4% 5 797 073 13.0% 2 005 821 9.1%
Total permanent protection, without overlap 8 850 626 14.3% 6 544 710 14.6% 2 305 916 12.8%
             
Land Code, time-limited formal protection            
Nature conservation agreements 167 931 0.3% 167 881 04% 50 0.0%
             
Intra-governmental agreements            
Swedish Fortifications Agency 32 270 0.1% 32 214 0.1% 56 0.0%
All instruments, without overlap 9 029 841 14.7% 6 723 821 15.0% 2 306 019 12.8%

Definitions and explanations

Statistics Sweden produces yearly statistics on protected nature in collaboration with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. A protected area refers to a geographically defined area that is permanently designated, regulated and administered to achieve specific aims and conservation goals. In Sweden, “protected area” is a collective term for protection under Chapter 7 of the Environmental Code and according to many of the nature conservation agreements under the Land Code.

Sweden’s national and official statistics on protected nature contain information on a selection of protected areas under Chapter 7 of the Environmental Code. Information is also presented on protected rivers, protected species, nature conservation agreements under the Land Code, Intra-governmental agreements, and forest land covered by land replacement.

The data refers to areas that applied (that is, for which judgment was final) on 31 December 2021. Most of the data has been retrieved from the Swedish register on areas protected under the Environmental Code and the database on Sweden’s Natura 2000 areas.

Explanations concerning the table Formally protected nature 31/12/2021:

  • The proportion of protected area has been calculated using Sweden’s total area, as reported in Statistics Sweden’s official statistics on land and water areas (see www.scb.se/mi0802-en, reference time 01/01/2022).
  • Nature reserves, Natura 2000, and nature conservation agreements include areas without restrictions, for example without regulations against forestry. The data refers to areas that applied (that is, for which judgment was final) on 31/12/2021.
  • Proportions and areas cannot be added up because some protection types overlap each other. Statistics adjusted for overlapping areas are marked with the text “without overlap”.
  • Natura 2000 within Sweden’s exclusive economic zone is included in the presentation of total area and marine areas in hectares. Areas within the exclusive economic zone are not included in the presentation of proportions, since that presentation only covers areas within Sweden’s territory. Natura 2000 sites within the exclusive economic zone covers about 1.3 million hectares.
  • Nature conservation agreements include the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s and the Swedish Forest Agency’s nature conservation agreements, the White-Backed Woodpecker Action Plan, and “ekoparker”. Several agreements do not have end date information available. Among the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s agreements, 85 agreements, comprising 2 191 hectares, have a remaining duration of less than 15 years.
  • Information on the number of areas related to intra-governmental agreements with the Swedish Fortifications Agency was retrieved from “Överenskommelse om skydd av särskilt värdefulla naturskogsområden, Nv Reg. no. 310-167-10 No.
  • Areas for nature conservation agreements of the type “ekoparker” are under investigation.

More about the results

Source
SCB

Last updated
2022-05-24

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