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Income and taxes 2021

Strong increase in incomes during 2021, but greater inequality

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2023-01-25 8.00

After a few years of relatively weak income growth, with the lowest increase in 2020, a stronger development is seen in 2021. At the same time, income inequality, measured by the Gini coefficient, increased sharply during the year according to new statistics on income and taxes for individuals and households.

The median equivalised disposable income, which has increased every year since the mid-1990s, continued to increase in 2021. The median value rose by 2.7 percent, adjusted for inflation, the highest increase since 2015. The increases in recent years have otherwise been lower than in the early 2010s.

Annual increase of equivalised disposable income


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Definitions and explanations

All results in fixed prices.

Disposable income is the sum of all taxable and non-taxable income less taxes and other negative transfers (such as repaid study loans) of all household members.

The equivalised disposable income is the disposable income of a household divided by the number of household members converted into equalised adults; household members are equalised or made equivalent by weighting each according to their age and position in the household.

Changes of definitions and revised statistics

As of the publication of the income year 2021, an extended household definition and an adjusted equivalence scale with regard to shared residence of children are used in the statistics.

These changes have been implemented from the year 2011, that is, previously published statistics have been revised.

More information about the changes and the effect on the statistics can be found in the documents below.

Equivalised disposable income by type of household

Income Distribution Statistics and Shared Residence

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency

Statistics Sweden


Johan Lindberg

+46 10 479 60 64

Peter Gärdqvist

+46 10 479 67 85

Johanna Frodell

+46 10 479 68 39