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Dwelling stock 2016-12-31:

Nearly 4.8 million dwellings in Sweden

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2017-04-20 9.30

On 2016-12-31, there were 4 795 717 dwellings. These are divided into 2 053 665 dwellings (43 percent) in one- or two-dwelling buildings, 2 424 113 (51 percent) in multi-dwelling buildings, 239 002 (5 percent) in special housing and 78 937 (2 percent) in other buildings.

Rental units dominated in 260 of Sweden’s 290 municipalities

In multi-dwelling buildings, rented dwellings are the most common form of tenure, 59 percent of the total dwelling stock, while 41 percent consists of tenant-owned dwellings. Among 290 municipalities, rental units dominated in 260 of them. Only in 30 municipalities are there more tenant-owned dwellings than rental units. Half of these municipalities are located in Stockholm County. The largest proportion of tenant-owned dwellings are located in Vallentuna Municipality (93 percent) followed by Täby Municipality (90 percent) and Lomma Municipality (86 percent).

With regard to one- or two-dwelling buildings, private ownership is the most common form of tenure, with 91 percent. The proportion of rental units and tenant-owned dwellings in one- and two-dwelling buildings is 4 percent each.

Housing cooperatives most common owners of multi-dwelling buildings

With regard to dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings, about 41 percent are owned by housing cooperatives, 28 percent are owned by municipal housing companies and 20 percent are owned by Swedish joint-stock companies. The remaining 11 percent are owned by other legal persons and private persons.

When it comes to one- or two-dwelling buildings, the vast majority (91 percent) are owned by private persons and only 4 percent are owned by housing cooperatives.

The dwellings’ size and age

The size of the average dwelling in multi-dwelling buildings is 68 square metres, while the size of the average one- or two-dwelling building is 122 square metres.

Nearly 931 000 (46 percent) of Swedish one- or two-dwelling buildings were built between 1961 and 1990. However, every fifth house (or 20 percent) among one- or two-dwelling buildings was built as early as before 1931.
When it comes to multi-dwelling buildings, most of them (53 percent of the dwellings) were built between 1951 and 1980.

Number of dwellings by type of building and period of construction


Special housing

There are 239 002 dwellings in special housing in total distributed on 130 119 special housing for elderly/disabled, 94 418 housing for students and 14 465 other special housing. The size of an apartment in a retirement home is on average 39 square metres, while the size of a student apartment is 28 square metres on average. Most student housing can be found, not unexpectedly, in the major university towns.

Municipalities with most student housing
MunicipalityNumber of
11 241
10 358
9 295
9 000
6 114
4 747
3 675
3 378

Definitions and explanations

The statistics are based on the dwelling register, which is a national register of all Swedish dwellings. The register is managed by Lantmäteriet, which is also the responsible authority. Statistics Sweden receives data from Lantmäteriet in order to produce current household and housing statistics.

One- or two-dwelling buildings refer to detached one- and two-dwelling buildings as well as semi-detached, row and linked buildings.

Multi-dwelling buildings refer to buildings with three or more apartments, including balcony access housing.

Other buildings refer to buildings that are not intended for residential purposes, for example, buildings used for business or public activities.

Special housing refers to dwellings for the elderly/disabled, student housing and other special housing.

The type of tenure of the apartments is based on ownership, rather than how residents use the apartments.

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, Urban Management and Tourism

Box 24 300
104 51 Stockholm


Rein Billström

+46 10 479 47 97

Martin Verhage

+46 10 479 47 78