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Dwelling stock 2017-12-31:

Over 4.8 million dwellings in Sweden

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2018-04-19 9.30

On 2017-12-31, there were 4 859 252 dwellings. Among these, 2 069 353 dwellings (43 percent) were in one- or two-dwelling buildings, 2 462 972 (51 percent) were in multi-dwelling buildings, 247 277 (5 percent) were in special housing and 79 650 (2 percent) were in other buildings.

Rented dwellings most common type of tenure in multi-dwelling buildings

In multi-dwelling buildings, rented dwellings are the most common type of tenure, 59 percent of the total dwelling stock, while 41 percent consist of tenant-owned dwellings. Among the 10 largest municipalities, rented dwellings dominated in seven of them, while only two municipalities – Uppsala and Stockholm – had more tenant-owned dwellings than rented dwellings. In Västerås municipality, the proportion is 50 percent respectively, that is, there was an equal number of rented dwellings and tenant-owned dwellings.

Share of rented dwellings and tenant-owned dwellings in Sweden’s 10 largest municipalities, in percent
MunicipaltyShare of
rental units
Share of tenant-
owned units
78 22
68 32
68 32
65 35
64 36
63 37
52 48
50 50
44 56
36 64

The division of rented dwellings and tenant-owned dwellings refers to multi-dwelling buildings.

Private ownership is the most common type of tenure in one- or two-dwelling buildings, at 91 percent. The proportion of rented dwellings and tenant-owned dwellings in one- or two-dwelling buildings is 5 and 4 percent respectively.

Housing cooperatives most common owners of multi-dwelling buildings

With regard to dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings, about 41 percent are owned by housing cooperatives, 28 percent are owned by municipal housing companies and 21 percent are owned by Swedish joint-stock companies. The remaining 10 percent are owned by other legal persons and private persons.

With regard to one- or two-dwelling buildings, the vast majority (91 percent) are owned by private persons and only four percent are owned by housing cooperatives.

Dwellings’ size and age

The average dwelling in multi-dwelling buildings is 2 rooms and kitchen, with an average size of 60 square metres. The average size of the one- or two-dwelling building is 122 square metres.

Number of dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings by size
Size of dwellingNumber of
Share in
Dwellings without kitchen
1 692 0.1
1 room and kitchen
280 392 11.4
1 room and kitchenette
115 050 4.7
2 rooms and kitchen
894 919 36.3
2 or more rooms with kitchenette
45 826 1.9
3 rooms and kitchen
775 783 31.5
4 rooms and kitchen
272 027 11
5 rooms and kitchen
54 328 2.2
6 or more rooms and kitchen
11 066 0.4
Data missing
11 889 0.5
2 462 972 100

Nearly 931 000 (45 percent) of one- or two-dwelling buildings were built between 1961 and 1990. However, one in five houses (or 20 percent) among one- or two-dwelling buildings was built as early as before 1931. With regard to multi-dwelling buildings, most of them (52 percent) were built between 1951 and 1980.

Number of dwellings by type of building and period of construction


Special housing

There are 247 277 dwellings in special housing in total divided into 132 923 special housing for the elderly/disabled, 96 990 dwellings for students and 17 364 other special housing. The average size of an apartment in a retirement home is 39 square metres, while the average size of a student apartment is 28 square metres. Most student housing can be found, not surprisingly, in the major university towns.

Municipalities with most student housing


Number of dwellings
11 261
10 546
9 872
9 099
6 121
5 039
3 680
3 544

Definitions and explanations

The statistics are based on the dwelling register, which is a national register of all Swedish dwellings. The register is managed by Lantmäteriet, which is also the responsible authority. Statistics Sweden receives data from Lantmäteriet in order to produce current household and housing statistics.

One- or two-dwelling buildings refer to detached one- and two-dwelling buildings as well as semi-detached, row and linked buildings.

Multi-dwelling buildings refer to buildings with three or more apartments, including balcony access housing.

Other buildings refers to buildings that are not intended for residential purposes, but that nonetheless contain regular apartments, for example, buildings intended for business or public activities.

Special housing refers to dwellings for the elderly/disabled, student housing and other special housing.

The type of tenure of the apartments is based on ownership, not residents’ use of the apartments.

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, Urban Management and Tourism

Solna strandväg 86
171 54 Solna


Rein Billström

+46 10 479 47 97

Martin Verhage

+46 10 479 47 78