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Dwelling stock 2021-12-31

Nearly 5.1 million dwellings in Sweden

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2022-04-21 8.00

At the end of December 2021 there were 5 096 007 dwellings in Sweden. Among these, 2 115 329 dwellings (42 percent) were in one- or two-dwelling buildings, 2 626 837 (52 percent) were in multi-dwelling buildings, 272 754 (5 percent) were in special housing and 81 087 (2 percent) were in other buildings.

Rented dwellings most common in 257 out of 290 municipalities

In multi-dwelling buildings, rented dwellings are the most common type of tenure, with 58 percent of the total dwelling stock, while 42 percent consist of tenant-owned dwellings. Among the 290 municipalities in Sweden, rented dwellings dominated in 257 municipalities. Only in 33 municipalities are there more tenant-owned dwellings than rented dwellings and 19 of these are located in Stockholm County.

Among the 10 largest municipalities, rented dwellings dominated in eight of them, while only two municipalities - Uppsala and Stockholm - had more tenant-owned dwellings than rented dwellings.

Share of rented dwellings and tenant-owned dwellings in Sweden’s 10 largest municipalities, in percent
Municipalty Share of rental units Share of tenant-owned units
Örebro 77 23
Norrköping 69 31
Linköping 67 33
Helsingborg 64 36
Jönköping 63 37
Göteborg 62 38
Malmö 52 48
Västerås 51 49
Stockholm 43 57
Uppsala 38 62

In one- or two-dwelling buildings, private ownership is the most common type of tenure, with 91 percent. The proportion of tenant-owned dwellings amounts to 5 percent while rented dwellings is 4 percent.

Housing cooperatives most common owners of multi-dwelling buildings

With regard to dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings, 42 percent are owned by housing cooperatives, 26 percent are owned by municipal housing companies and 23 percent are owned by Swedish joint-stock companies. The remaining 9 percent are owned by private persons and other owners.

With regard to one- or two-dwelling buildings, the vast majority, 91 percent, are owned by private persons. 5 percent are owned by housing cooperatives and 2 percent each are owned by municipal housing companies and Swedish joint-stock companies.

Dwellings’ size and age

The average dwelling in multi-dwelling buildings is a flat of two rooms and a kitchen followed by three rooms and a kitchen. These two types make up 68 percent of the housing stock in multi-dwelling buildings.

The average size of a dwelling in multi-dwelling buildings is 67 square metres, while in one- or two-dwelling buildings, the average size is 122 square metres.

Number of dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings by size
Size of dwelling Number of dwellings Average size in square metres
Dwellings without kitchen 1 752 32
1 room and kitchen 311 291 40
1 room and kitchenette 117 315 30
2 rooms and kitchen 959 837 59
2 or more rooms with kitchenette 46 554 48
3 rooms and kitchen 821 032 78
4 rooms and kitchen 289 238 98
5 rooms and kitchen 56 221 123
6 or more rooms and kitchen 11 328 172
Data missing 12 269 ..
Total 2 626 837 67

Just over 935 000 (44 percent) of one- or two-dwelling buildings were built between 1961 and 1990. However, one in five houses (or 20 percent) among one- or two-dwelling buildings was built as early as before 1931. With regard to multi-dwelling buildings, just over 1 281 000 dwellings (or 49 percent) were built between 1951 and 1980.

Number of dwellings by type of building and period of construction

Number of dwellings by type of building and period of construction

Special housing

There are 272 754 dwellings in special housing in total divided into 144 740 special housing for the elderly/disabled, 108 034 dwellings for students and 19 980 other special housing. The average size of an apartment in a retirement home is 39 square metres, while the average size of a student apartment is 28 square metres. Most student housing can be found, not unexpectedly, in the major university towns.

Municipalities with most student housing
Municipality Number of dwellings
Uppsala 12 433
Stockholm 12 387
Göteborg 11 608
Lund 9 789
Umeå 7 072
Linköping 5 389
Växjö 3 980
Örebro 3 250
Malmö 3 144
Jönköping 3 108

Definitions and explanations

The statistics are based on the apartments register, which is a national register of all dwellings in Sweden. This register is managed by Lantmäteriet (the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority). Statistics Sweden receives data from Lantmäteriet for the production of current household and housing statistics.

One- or two-dwelling buildings refers to detached one- and two-dwelling buildings, as well as semi-detached, row and linked buildings.

Multi-dwelling buildings refers to buildings with three or more apartments, including balcony access housing.

Other buildings refers to buildings that are not intended for residential purposes, but that nonetheless contain regular apartments, for example, buildings intended for business or public activities.

Special housing refers to dwellings for the elderly/disabled, student housing, and other special housing.

The type of tenure of the apartments is based on ownership, rather than residents’ use of the apartments.

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden


Martin Verhage

+46 10 479 47 78