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Norwegian ownership of Swedish holiday homes tops the list To main content

Foreign ownership and expatriate Swedes’ ownership of holiday homes in Sweden 2020

Norwegian ownership of Swedish holiday homes tops the list

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2021-03-25 9.30

In 2020, 37 979 holiday homes had foreign owners, which is a marginal increase compared with 2019. Norwegians accounted for the largest share (33 percent) of foreign ownership, followed by Germans and Danes at 27 percent each.

Foreign owners mostly from Norway, Germany and Denmark

Foreign owners come primarily from Norway (12 585 holiday homes), Germany (10 279) and Denmark (10 215). The fourth leading ownership country is the Netherlands, at 1 333 holiday homes.

Large differences among counties

There are large regional differences in foreign ownership of holiday homes in relation to the total stock of holiday homes. The percentage of foreign ownership is by far the greatest in Kronoberg County at 38 percent and in Värmland at 24 percent. In Stockholm, Uppsala, Södermanland, Gotland and Västmanland counties, foreign ownership accounts for less than 1 percent of the stock.

The largest numbers of foreign-owned holiday homes are located in Västra Götaland (7 830), Värmland (6 480), Kronoberg (4 558) and Skåne (3 443) counties.

Number of holiday homes owned by natural persons in 2020 and of which the foreign owners by country
County Total number of holiday homes owned by natural persons Of which those with owners from   Percentage of foreign owned holiday homes
    Denmark Norway Germany Netherlands Other countries Unknown country Total  
Stockholm 72 808 14 15 64 9 115 13 230 0.3
Uppsala 18 062 1 5 9 4 26 6 51 0.3
Södermanland 20 237 4 4 50 4 34 14 110 0.5
Östergötland 23 004 71 8 218 31 50 18 396 1.7
Jönköping 13 671 889 11 783 68 89 26 1 866 13.6
Kronoberg 11 898 2 967 14 1 316 86 118 57 4 558 38.3
Kalmar 31 729 553 39 2 019 125 147 83 2 966 9.3
Gotland 12 296 0 13 39 3 23 5 83 0.7
Blekinge 13 330 904 13 464 22 64 24 1 491 11.2
Skåne 44 533 2 460 90 590 35 201 67 3 443 7.7
Halland 25 035 1 139 36 460 17 64 24 1 740 7.0
Västra Götaland 77 603 522 5 158 1 554 127 327 142 7 830 10.1
Värmland 27 235 407 3 986 1 235 505 215 132 6 480 23.8
Örebro 14 837 39 21 233 48 46 20 407 2.7
Västmanland 9 673 1 5 10 3 17 5 41 0.4
Dalarna 44 927 132 372 356 87 142 24 1 113 2.5
Gävleborg 27 673 10 22 125 25 88 25 295 1.1
Västernorrland 25 125 12 51 193 36 140 37 469 1.9
Jämtland 31 740 42 1 461 230 57 124 34 1 948 6.1
Västerbotten 32 762 38 791 205 24 261 41 1 360 4.2
Norrbotten 29 486 10 470 126 17 437 42 1 102 3.7
Total 607 664 10 215 12 585 10 279 1 333 2 728 839 37 979 6.3

Further information on foreign ownership and presentation at municipal level can be provided on order.

Expatriate Swedes’ ownership of holiday homes

In total, 13 469 holiday homes in Sweden are owned by Swedes living abroad. Swedes living in Norway own the largest number of holiday homes in Sweden (2 946). This is followed by Swedish owners living in Germany (1 642), the United Kingdom (1 227), Switzerland (1 096), the United States (1 057) and Denmark (1 011).

The largest increase compared with 2019 is among Swedes living in the United States and Norway, at 133 and 113 holiday homes respectively.

It is most common for Swedes living abroad to own holiday homes in Västra Götaland County (2 599), Skåne County (1 996) and Stockholm County (1 652).

Number of holiday homes owned by natural persons in 2020 and of which expatriate Swedes by country
County Total number of holiday homes owned by natural persons Of which those with Swedish owners living in   Percentage of holiday homes owned by expatriate Swedes
    Norway Switzerland United Kingdom Germany USA Denmark Other countries Total  
Stockholm 72 808 82 189 206 161 202 35 777 1 652 2.3
Uppsala 18 062 12 15 21 14 36 8 115 221 1.2
Södermanland 20 237 17 23 47 62 39 6 144 338 1.7
Östergötland 23 004 49 42 33 51 27 15 160 377 1.6
Jönköping 13 671 18 24 19 65 18 54 91 289 2.1
Kronoberg 11 898 18 12 20 71 11 141 55 328 2.8
Kalmar 31 729 57 58 40 132 51 63 199 600 1.9
Gotland 12 296 29 17 21 25 21 5 96 214 1.7
Blekinge 13 330 31 31 23 57 25 77 88 332 2.5
Skåne 44 533 140 232 252 287 144 315 626 1 996 4.5
Halland 25 035 80 67 49 93 60 79 208 636 2.5
Västra Götaland 77 603 1 041 181 208 252 155 76 686 2 599 3.3
Värmland 27 235 624 38 35 79 35 41 157 1 009 3.7
Örebro 14 837 37 12 23 40 17 9 82 220 1.5
Västmanland 9 673 18 10 19 14 10 3 82 156 1.6
Dalarna 44 927 178 56 71 59 61 26 199 650 1.4
Gävleborg 27 673 63 25 43 40 34 9 132 346 1.3
Västernorrland 25 125 54 17 32 43 32 11 141 330 1.3
Jämtland 31 740 185 22 27 23 34 16 128 435 1.4
Västerbotten 32 762 119 18 21 38 26 14 122 358 1.1
Norrbotten 29 486 94 7 17 36 19 8 202 383 1.3
Total 607 664 2 946 1 096 1 227 1 642 1 057 1 011 4 490 13 469 2.2

Further information on foreign ownership and presentation at municipal level can be provided on order.

Definitions and explanations

This item of statistical news defines holiday home as an assessment unit or taxation unit with no registered population and is assessed as building for agriculture, residential value less than SEK 50 000 (type code 113), building for agriculture, built (type code 120), one- or two-dwelling building, built (type code 220), one- or two-dwelling building, houses on leasehold (type code 225) and one- or two-dwelling building, building value less than SEK 50 000 (type code 213).

New as from the 2019 publication on holiday homes

A new type code has been added – the building for agriculture, residential value less than SEK 50 000 (type code 113).

All assessment units, one- or two-dwelling building, houses on leasehold (type code 225) are now considered a holiday home.

For agricultural units there is a further requirement that the agriculture is not active. As of 2019, only those units with agricultural-related business codes are counted as active agriculture, which means that fewer agricultural units are excluded.

The changes that have been made result in just over 24 000 more holiday homes in 2019 compared with the previously used method.

Statistics Sweden will publish new time series according to the new definition later this year when comparisons can be made for longer time periods.

Foreign ownership means that the owner responsible for his or her tax return has neither a Swedish postal address nor a Swedish personal identity number. The country reported in these statistics is the country where the owner has their postal address, and only natural persons are included in the survey.

Expatriate Swedes’ ownership means that the owner responsible for his/her tax return does not have a Swedish postal address, but has a Swedish personal identity number. The country reported in these statistics is the country where the owner has their postal address, and only natural persons are included in the survey.

This information was retrieved from the 2020 Real Estate Tax Assessment Register (FTR) and refers to the situation on 1 January 2020. Statistics Sweden receives the Real Estate Tax Assessment Register from the Swedish Tax Agency.

The objects reported are assessment units or taxation units. Assessment units and taxation units are defined in the FTR as that which is assessed or taxed independently and generally consists of property with a building and a lot.

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

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