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More about The Swedish Living Conditions Surveys

Development of society brings about continuous changes in living conditions of the population. Different groups are affected in different ways. Men and women, children and older people, blue collar and white collar workers, people living in cities and in the country - the welfare of everyone is more or less influenced by the changes. The effects can be measured in conditions that deal with health, economic resources, education, housing, leisure time activities, social relationships, vulnerability to crime and much more. In short, our welfare.

To know about the welfare conditions of the population is of interest to many people such as politicians and other decision makers, researchers, journalists and not least the general public. That is why Statistics Sweden, on behalf of the Swedish Parliament, has been conducting surveys since 1975 about the living conditions of the Swedish people.

Living conditions are described in the Living Conditions Surveys in the following subject areas: Work environment, housing conditions, income, leisure time, health, civic activities, social relationships, employment and working hours, security and education. As of 1979 these areas have been classified under four main themes where the different subject areas are illustrated more in depth and on a broader scale every eighth year.

Since 1986 a sample panel has been drawn, that is, nearly half of those who are interviewed have taken part in an earlier survey round. This panel approach allows us to study the "flows", that is, how people move between different situations such as employment and unemployment.

During the period 2006–2008 two important changes were carried out in the Living Conditions Surveys: a transition from face-to-face interviews to telephone interviews, and the integration of the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions with the Swedish Living Conditions Surveys. These changes are described in the following report:

The EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) is a statistical survey that is conducted annually in all EU countries as well as a few other European countries. The survey makes it possible to compare information on income, poverty, social exclusion, housing, work, education and health among different countries, both on the household level and the individual level. Every year the survey includes an in-depth section that enables a deeper analysis of different areas. Some of the areas that have been studied in depth include housing, indebtedness, material deprivation and social participation.

Detailed information about the EU-SILC is available on Eurostat's website:

Since 2008 the Swedish Living Conditions Surveys and SILC are thus integrated in the survey called ULF/SILC. The surveys are conducted by telephone interviews with a random sample of the population aged 16 and older. Between 12 000 and 13 000 persons are interviewed over a one year period. Some of the questions are asked to the entire sample. In addition, every year there is an in-depth section in the Swedish Living Conditions Surveys and the SILC, and these questions are only asked to parts of the sample.

The interviews are also supplemented with information from different registers, which further increases the usefulness. The types of information deal with different kinds of income, pensions, taxes, housing subsidies, study allowance etc.

Contact persons


Charlotte Samuelsson, tel: +46 10 479 48 17

Anna Hagman, tel: +46 10 479 48 19

Family and social relationships

Göran Nordström, tel: +46 10 479 50 15


Thomas Helgeson, tel +46 10 479 44 34

Katya Vaslileva-Gull, tel: +46 10 479 42 64

Employment and working hours

Anne Danielsen Rackner, tel: +46 10 479 42 66

Work environment

Anne Danielsen Rackner, tel: +46 10 479 42 66


Anna Hagman, tel: +46 10 479 48 19


Ellen Ellfolk Kenttä, tel: +46 10 479 44 28


Göran Nordström, tel: +46 10 479 50 15

Civic activities

Charlotte Samuelsson, tel: +46 10 479 48 17

Security and safety

Anne Danielsen Rackner, tel: +46 10 479 42 66

Living Conditions Survey of Children  

Helena Rudander, tel: +46 10 479 41 24


Ellen Ellfolk Kenttä, tel: +46 10 479 44 28

Thomas Helgeson, tel: +46 10 479 44 34


Background variables (study domains)

Demographic - Social - Economic - Geographic

  • Sex
  • Age
  • Civil status
  • Type of family
  • Nationality
  • Education level
  • Occupation
  • Industry
  • Socioeconomic group
  • Income from work
  • Disposable income
  • Regional divisions
  • Municipality size