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Summary of Population Statistics 1960–2021

Population on 31 December

2021 2020 2015 2010 2005 2000 1995 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1960
 
10 452 326 10 379 295 9 851 017 9 415 570 9 047 752 8 882 792 8 837 496 8 590 630 8 358 139 8 317 937 8 208 442 8 081 229 7 497 967
Men
5 260 707 5 222 847 4 930 966 4 690 244 4 486 550 4 392 753 4 366 071 4 244 017 4 127 110 4 119 822 4 081 263 4 035 911 3 740 119
Women
5 191 619 5 156 448 4 920 051 4 725 326 4 561 202 4 490 039 4 471 425 4 346 613 4 231 029 4 198 115 4 127 179 4 045 318 3 757 848
Number of persons, 0-17 years
2 198 240 2 189 403 2 025 077 1 919 094 1 934 239 1 937 779 1 967 138 1 880 316 1 844 497 1 977 226 2 012 638 2 007 012 2 046 306
Persons aged 0-17 years in % of total population
21.0 21.1 20.6 20.4 21.4 21.8 22.3 21.9 22.1 23.8 24.5 24.8 27.3
Number of persons, 65 years and above
2 118 766 2 088 086 1 947 227 1 737 246 1 565 377 1 530 887 1 543 332 1 526 196 1 454 111 1 362 099 1 250 785 1 113 239 887 964
Persons aged 65 years and above in % of total population
20.3 20.1 19.8 18.5 17.3 17.2 17.5 17.8 17.4 16.4 15.2 13.8 11.8
Household units [1]
4 831 811 4 776 239 4 481 746 . . . . 3 830 037 3 670 340 3 497 801 3 324 956 3 050 354 2 582 151
Average number of residents per household [2]
2.16 2.17 2.19 . . . . 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.8
Swedish citizens
9 571 500 9 473 972 9 068 184 8 782 278 8 567 853 8 405 480 8 305 699 8 106 926 7 969 498 7 896 270 7 798 548 7 669 949 7 307 346
Foreign citizens [3]
880 826 905 323 782 833 633 292 479 899 477 312 531 797 483 704 388 641 421 667 409 894 411 280 190 621
Proportion of foreign citizens in %
8.4 8.7 7.9 6.7 5.3 5.4 6.0 5.6 4.6 5.1 5.0 5.1 2.5
Foreign-born
2 090 503 2 046 731 1 676 264 1 384 929 1 125 790 1 003 798 936 022 790 445 655 649 626 953 550 451 537 585 299 879
Proportion foreign-born in %
20.0 19.7 17.0 14.7 12.4 11.3 10.6 9.2 7.8 7.5 6.7 6.7 4.0
Foreign-born who are Swedish citizens
1 292 203 1 227 977 969 494 818 574 711 906 609 189 497 312 398 534 352 437 . . . .
Proportion foreign-born who are Swedish citizens in %
61.8 60.0 57.8 59.1 63.2 60.7 53.1 50.4 53.8 . . . .
Swedish-born with two foreign-born parents
662 069 639 309 510 756 412 960 337 568 284 449 224 494 . . . . . .
Foreign back-ground [4]
2 752 572 2 686 040 2 187 020 1 797 889 1 463 358 1 288 247 1 160 516 . . . . . .
Proportion foreign background in % [4]
26.3 25.9 22.2 19.1 16.2 14.5 13.1 . . . . . .
Births
114 263 113 077 114 870 115 641 101 346 90 441 103 422 123 938 98 463 97 064 103 632 110 150 102 219
Crude birth rate (per 1000)
11.0 10.9 11.7 12.3 11.2 10.2 11.7 14.5 11.8 11.7 12.6 13.7 13.7
Total fertility rate [5]
1.67 1.66 1.85 1.98 1.77 1.54 1.74 2.14 1.73 1.68 1.78 1.94 2.17
Deaths
91 958 98 124 90 907 90 487 91 710 93 461 93 955 95 161 94 032 91 800 88 208 80 026 75 093
Crude death rate (per 1000)
8.8 9.5 9.3 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.6 11.1 11.3 11.0 10.8 10.0 10.0
Life expectancy, men [6]
81.21 80.60 80.31 79.52 78.43 77.38 76.17 74.81 73.79 72.76 72.12 72.20 71.24
Life expectancy, women [6]
84.82 84.29 84.01 83.49 82.77 82.03 81.45 80.41 79.68 78.81 77.87 77.06 74.92
Infant mortality rate (per 1000)
1.85 2.37 2.45 2.54 2.43 3.42 4.15 5.96 6.76 6.91 8.63 11.00 16.62
In-migration
90 631 82 518 134 240 98 801 65 229 58 659 45 887 60 048 33 127 39 426 44 133 77 326 26 143
In-migrants (per 1000 inhabitants)
8.7 8.0 13.8 10.6 7.2 6.6 5.2 7.0 4.0 4.7 5.4 9.6 3.5
Out-migration
48 284 48 937 55 830 48 853 38 118 34 091 33 984 25 196 22 036 29 839 27 249 28 635 15 138
Out-migrants (per 1000 inhabitants)
4.7 4.7 5.7 5.2 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.0 2.6 3.6 3.3 3.6 2.0
Population growth
73 031 51 706 103 662 74 888 36 360 21 366 21 115 63 594 15 518 14 927 31 751 76 872 35 827
Population growth (per 1000 inhabitants)
7.0 5.0 10.6 8.0 4.0 2.4 2.4 7.5 1.9 1.8 3.9 9.5 4.8
Marriages [7]
38 895 37 591 52 314 56 555 48 218 43 138 33 642 40 477 38 297 37 569 44 103 43 278 50 149
Divorces [8]
23 647 25 619 24 876 25 151 20 747 22 082 22 528 19 357 19 763 19 887 25 383 12 943 8 958
Registered partnership [9]
. . . . 593 357 665 . . . . . .
Deregistered partnership [10]
38 42 80 223 134 101 . . . . . . .
Persons who became Swedish citizens [11]
89 354 80 175 48 249 32 197 39 270 43 173 31 993 16 770 20 498 20 833 16 705 11 539 8 452

* The most important data in the Population Statistics. At the very bottom of this page, there is a link to an Excel-file containing statistics for more years then what is reported in the Table above.

1. Source, up to and including 1990: Population & Housing Census. Source since 2011: Household dwellings according to the dwelling register.

2. Since 2011 calculations are based on persons for whom there is information about households.

3. Persons with dual citizenship, of which one is Swedish, are not included.

4. Foreign background include foreign-born and Swedish-born with two foreign-born parents.

5. Since 2004, the total fertility rate (TFR) is calculated for individual years. Previously, the TFR was calculated for age groups of 5 years.

In 2016 were there some small changes in the calculation method. Even though TFR is unchanged for most years has TFR for 2000-2015 been revised.

6. The life expectancy tables for the years 2006 to 2011 have been revised in 2012 after a change in the method to even out the death risks for the oldest persons.

7. The model for calculating the number of marriages have been revised during 2015 and the information for the years 2000 and later has been adjusted. As a result of this change, the number of marriages has increased by roughly 10 percent compared to previously.

From 1 May 2009 onwards including same-sex marriages and partnerships switched to marriages.

8. The model for calculating the number of divorces have been revised during 2015 and the information for the years 2000 and later has been adjusted. As a result of this change, the number of divorces has increased by roughly 5 percent compared to previously.

From 1 May 2009 onwards including divorces between persons in same-sex marriages.

9. Number of partners who registered partnership. From 1 May 2009 onwards it is not possible to register partnership in Sweden.

10. Number of partners who deregistered their partnership.

11. For the years 2000 -2014 has the statistics been revised. Up to and including 1999 the information refers to the number of changes to new Swedish citizenship. This means that a person was counted twice if he/she gave up two different foreign citizenships and became a Swedish citizen.

Definitions and explanations

The total fertility rate (TFR) is the average number of children a women would have if current fertility rates remained constant.

More about the results

Source file
Download as Excel

Source
SCB

Last updated
2022-02-22

Official Statistics of Sweden
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