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Life expectancy at birth and age 65 by sex 1970–2018 and projection 2019–2070

Life expectancy at birth and age 65 by sex 1970–2018 and projection 2019–2070

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The assumptions about the changes in mortality rates until 2070 indicate that there will be a continuous increase in the life expectancy at birth and in the life expectancy at age 65. Between 1970 and 2018, life expectancy at birth increased from just over 77 years to 84 years for women and from just over 72 years to almost 81 years for men. This was an increase of 7 years for women and 8.6 years for men. It is expected that by 2070 life expectancy at birth will increase to 89.4 years for women and 87.2 years for men – an increase of 5.1 and 6.4 years for each sex, respectively.

In the projections it was assumed that the increase in life expectancy at birth between 2018 and 2070 will be smaller than the increase observed between 1970 and 2018. Up to 2070, the average increase per decade was estimated at 1.0 years for women and 1.2 years for men. During the period 1970–2018, the increase per decade was higher, at 1.5 years for women and 1.8 years for men. A slower increase in life expectancy is a consequence of the fact that mortality rates are assumed to decrease on a relative scale, which implies at it declines at a slower pace in absolute terms.

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Source
SCB

Last updated
2019-04-12

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