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Statistical news from Statistics Sweden

2015-09-30 9:30 AM Nr 2015:721


Integration – focus on 15 municipal districts:

Improved integration in several municipal districts

Of the 15 municipal districts where a number of integration indicators were studied, more positive results were shown compared to the end of the 1990s. For example, the negative trend with a reduced share of pupils eligible for upper secondary school has stopped. The share of gainfully employed persons has also increased in the majority of the municipal districts.

The new report Integration - focus on 15 municipal districts describes the development in the municipal districts that is included in the so-called urban development project. Among other things, this project aims to improve social and economic development in the municipal districts. The municipal districts are characterised by a large share of the population with foreign backgrounds. Comparisons are made between the periods 1997–1999 and 2011–2013 among the municipal districts and Sweden as a whole.

The negative trend in school has stopped

The share of girls who are eligible for upper secondary school has decreased in the municipal districts from roughly 70 to 64 percent, between the end of the 1990s and the last period studied. The share of eligible boys has decreased from 64 to 62 percent. This was expected because the share of eligible pupils has also decreased on the national level, but the decrease has been larger in the municipal districts. In Sweden on the whole, close to 90 percent of all pupils were eligible for upper secondary school at the end of the period. In 2008 the proportion of eligible pupils in the municipal districts was around 61 percent. Since then the proportion has increased by three percentage points for girls and one percentage point for boys. The trend of decreased eligibility to upper secondary school has thus stopped in the municipal districts in recent years.

Roughly half of the population in the municipal districts are gainfully employed

The share of men who were gainfully employed has increased in 11 of the 15 municipal districts and the share of women has increased in nine of 15 municipal districts since the end of the 1990s. In 2011–2013, roughly 40 percent of the women and 50 percent of the men were gainfully employed in the municipal districts. Even though the share of gainfully employed persons has increased in several municipal districts, the share is lower in the municipal districts compared with the national average. In Sweden on the whole, roughly 75 percent of the women and close to 80 percent of the men are gainfully employed.

Because the employment rate is lower in municipal districts than in the country as a whole, the share of those with social assistance is greater in the municipal districts than in the country as a whole. 8 percent of the women and nearly 6 percent of the men in the municipal districts had social assistance 2011 – 2013. In Sweden on the whole, the share of those with social assistance is around 1 percent of the population..

Not only a question of integration for foreign born persons

More than half of the population in the municipal districts are foreign born and eight out of ten inhabitants have foreign background. Foreign born persons are eligible for upper secondary school to a lesser extent than Swedish born persons, partly because of the short time spent in Sweden. In general, a lower share of foreign born persons is gainfully employed compared to Swedish born persons. This is partly because the municipal districts have a larger foreign born population than Sweden on the whole. But this does not entirely explain the results of the municipal districts compared to Sweden on the whole. Swedish born persons as well as foreign born persons in the municipal districts have lower levels of eligibility to upper secondary school and gainful employment than Swedish born and foreign born persons in Sweden on the whole.

Definitions and explanations

Within the urban development project, Sweden's municipalities could apply for assistance for municipal districts that are marked by a low frequency of gainful employment, a high rate of social assistance and the low proportion of those eligible to upper secondary school. Of those municipal districts that applied for this assistance, the municipal districts that fulfil the following criteria were chosen:

  • Rate of gainful employment lower than 52 percent
  • Long-term social assistance higher than 4.8 percent
  • Eligibility to upper secondary school lower than 70 percent
  • Population of at least 4 000 persons

The following municipal districts are included in the urban development project and have been studied in the report Integration - focus on 15 municipal districts

  • Rinkeby (Stockholm)
  • Tensta (Stockholm)
  • Hovsjö (Södertälje)
  • Ronna (Södertälje)
  • Araby (Växjö)
  • Herrgården (Malmö)
  • Södra Sofielund (Malmö)
  • Centrum och Öster (Landskrona)
  • Gamlegården (Kristianstad)
  • Bergsjön (Göteborg)
  • Gårdsten (Göteborg)
  • Hjällbo (Göteborg)
  • Norra Biskopsgården (Göteborg)
  • Kronogården (Trollhättan)
  • Hässleholmen (Borås)

The concept of foreign background includes those who were born outside of Sweden or born in Sweden with two parents who were foreign born.

Publication

Read more in the report Integration – focus on 15 municipal districts

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Responsible agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, Forecast Institute
Box 24300
SE-104 51 Stockholm, Sweden


Enquiries

Anna-Karin Nylin
+46 8 506 942 32
anna-karin.nylin@scb.se

Linus Johansson
019-17 66 56
linus.johansson@scb.se





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