At Statistics Sweden we use cookies so that our website will function well for you. By continuing your surfing on our website you agree to the use of cookies. What is a cookie?

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden

2011-12-20 9:30 AM Nr 2011:369

Integration - analysis:

Age at immigration important for upper secondary school results

There is a clear connection between the results of foreign born young people in upper secondary school and the age that they came to Sweden. Young people who immigrated at ages 16 and 17 when their peers had already started upper secondary school have the most difficulties with their studies.

At age 20 around 70 percent of the women and 60 percent of the men who immigrated before school age have leaving certificates from upper secondary school. This is at the same level as for young people who were born in Sweden with foreign born parents. However, it is 10 percentage points lower compared to young people born in Sweden with at least one parent born in Sweden. This is the case even though those persons have attended Swedish schools all their lives.

The proportion of those who receive leaving certificates decreases with age at immigration for those who came to Sweden after the age for starting school. At age 20 only 12 percent of the women and 9 percent of the men who were aged 16 and 17 when they immigrated had leaving certificates from upper secondary school.

Proportion of 20 year-olds with leaving certificates from upper secondary school


There are differences in upper secondary school results among young people born in different parts of the world. Of those who were born in countries outside of Europe, the share with leaving certificates is lower than for the others. For persons who came to Sweden before age 7, the differences among young people from different parts of the world are mainly due to their socio-economic background, such as their parents' level of education and employment status.

Some of the people who immigrated before age 18 supplement their education so that by age 25 they have an educational level that corresponds to a three-year upper secondary school education. Even so differences remain between foreign born 25 year-olds who immigrated before age 18 and Swedish born 25 year-olds with Swedish background. At age 25, income and the share that is gainfully employed also differ between these two groups.


In a new report Statistics Sweden studies how foreign born young people manage in upper secondary school based on their ages upon immigration. The population that is studied comprises young people born 1982-1990. Those who were born abroad had immigrated to Sweden before age 18. Read more in the report Integration - foreign born persons in upper secondary school.


Responsible authority and producer

Statistics Sweden, Forecast Institute
Box 24 300
SE-104 30 Stockholm


Tor Bengtsson
+46 19 17 65 19

Karin E Lundström
+46 8 506 947 02

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Sweden | Box 24300, SE 104 51 Stockholm | SE 701 89 Örebro | +46 10 479 40 00