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Statistical news from Statistics Sweden

2013-02-20 9:30 AM Nr 2013:43


Population statistics 2012 - population changes:

Immigration of Syrian citizens tripled

Sweden's population increased by 73 038 persons during 2012 and amounted to 9 555 893 persons at the end of the year. After a few years of reduced immigration, figures for 2012 again show an increase; a total of 103 059 persons immigrated that year - the highest level ever. Emigration also increased somewhat during 2012 when 51 747 persons emigrated, exceeding the high figure of 2011.

The number of immigrants was at a record level when 49 673 women and 53 386 men moved to or returned to Sweden. As usual, Swedish citizens who re-immigrate comprise the largest part of the group of immigrants. They accounted for 20 percent of all immigrants.

The number of Swedish citizens who re-immigrated during 2012 by emigration country, number of years abroad and average age
Emigration country
Years Average age Number
GREECE
11.0 40 466
FRANCE
7.8 45 397
SPAIN
7.6 44 834
USA
6.5 34 1 379
GERMANY
6.3 35 532
UNITED KINGDOM
5.3 31 1 722
FINLAND
5.1 37 455
DENMARK
3.7 32 1 053
CHINA
3.7 34 461
NORWAY
2.3 28 4 244

Besides the group of re-immigrating Swedish citizens, citizens from Syria are the largest group. Immigration from Syria has increased during recent years, 4 730 Syrian citizens immigrated last year, three times as many as the year before. Somewhat more men than women come to Sweden from Syria, about 60 percent men and 40 percent women. These persons are mainly young with an average age for women at 27 and for men at 29.

Emigration to Norway decreased

The high emigration figures from 2011 remain and even increase somewhat. A total of 51 747 persons emigrated in 2012, an increase of 568 persons compared to the previous year. Of these persons, 23 337 were women and 28 410 were men. Of those who emigrated, 69 percent had immigrated to Sweden at some time; these persons had lived in Sweden for an average of 6.6 years. Persons emigrate to 170 countries, of which the Nordic countries and English speaking countries are the most common. Swedish citizens emigrate above all to Norway, even though emigration to Norway decreased for the first time since 2004. In total, emigration to Norway dropped by one fourth, and for Swedish citizens by 30 percent. One of the most common emigration countries is Iraq, which increased the most in terms of percent; 1 202 persons emigrated there. Two thirds of these emigrants were born in Iraq, and of those in the remaining third, most have at least one of their parents born in Iraq.

Immigrants are somewhat younger than emigrants. Of those who immigrated in 2012, the average age was 27 for women and 28 for men. Among emigrants, the ages were 29 for women and 32 for men.

Number of immigrants and emigrants 1851-2012

Graph

Norrköping once again the eighth largest municipality

159 of the country's 290 municipalities had a population growth during 2012, two municipalities had an unchanged population while the 129 remaining municipalities had a population decrease.  The largest population increase in terms of percent occurred in Sundbyberg, which at the turn of the year had a population of 40 783 and thus now exceeds 40 000 inhabitants. Huddinge municipality hit the 100 000 mark as early as 30 June 2012, and had 101 010 inhabitants on 31 December 2012. Norrköping had long been the eighth largest municipality in the country, but was beaten by Helsingborg in 2011. Norrköping once again took over eighth place, while Helsingborg is number nine again.

Other municipalities that have crossed boundaries of inhabitants are Österåker, which exceeded 40 000, Solna which exceeded 70 000 and Kristianstad which exceeded 80 000. Västra Götaland County passed the 1 600 000 mark in 2012 and had 1 600 447 inhabitants at the end of 2012.

Population and population changes 2006-2012
 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Population 
31 december
9 113 257
9 182 927
9 256 347
9 340 682
9 415 570
9 482 855
9 555 893
Women
4 589 734 4 619 006 4 652 637 4 691 668 4 725 326 4 756 021 4 789 988
Men
4 523 523 4 563 921 4 603 710 4 649 014 4 690 244 4 726 834 4 765 905
Population
increase
65 505
69 670
73 420
84 335
74 888
67 285
73 038
Women
28 532 29 272 33 631 39 031 33 658 30 695 33 967
Men
36 973 40 398 39 789 45 304 41 230 36 590 39 071
Births
105 913
107 421
109 301
111 801
115 641
111 770
113 177
Girls
51 430 52 162 52 949 54 237 56 256 54 565 55 006
Boys
54 483 55 259 56 352 57 564 59 385 57 205 58 171
Deaths
91 177
91 729
91 449
90 080
90 487
89 938
91 938
Women
47 000 47 759 47 389 46 388 46 587 46 344 47 653
Men
44 177 43 970 44 060 43 692 43 900 43 594 44 285
Birth
surplus
14 736
15 692
17 852
21 721
25 154
21 832
21 239
Women
4 430 4 403 5 560 7 849 9 669 8 221 7 353
Men
10 306 11 289 12 292 13 872 15 485 13 611 13 886
Immigrants
95 750
99 485
101 171
102 280
98 801
96 467
103 059
Women
45 040 45 857 48 711 49 298 46 163 45 643 49 673
Men
50 710 53 628 52 460 52 982 52 638 50 824 53 386
Emigrants
44 908
45 418
45 294
39 240
48 853
51 179
51 747
Women
21 002 20 995 20 555 17 972 22 158 23 344 23 337
Men
23 906 24 423 24 739 21 268 26 695 27 835 28 410
Immigration
surplus
50 842
54 067
55 877
63 040
49 948
45 288
51 312
Women
24 038 24 862 28 156 31 326 24 005 22 299 26 336
Men
26 804 29 205 27 721 31 714 25 943 22 989 24 976

Definitions and explanations

Population growth is defined as the difference between the population at the beginning and end of the year. Events (births, deaths, and migrations) that occurred prior to 2012, but that that had been reported during the year, affect the population for 2012 but are not reported as events during 2012. This means that the population is not the same as the total of the birth surplus and the migration surplus. Sweden's population as of 31 December 12,201 decreased by 487 persons as a result of events that occurred prior to 2012, but that had been reported during the year.

Next publishing will be

Another press release will be published on 20 March providing further population statistics for 2012.

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Responsible authority and producer

Statistics Sweden, Unit for Population Statistics
701 89 Örebro


Enquiries

Linus Johansson
+46 19 17 66 56
befolkning@scb.se

Lena Bernhardtz
+46 19 17 65 27
befolkning@scb.se





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