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Research and development (R&D) in the business sector

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The survey Research and development (R&D) in the business sector is conducted every two years. The questions are about R&D expenditures and R&D personnel.

The main users of the statistics are government agencies and research councils. The statistics are also used by individual researchers and international organizations such as the EU, OECD and UNESCO. Statistics Sweden uses the results in the calculations of Sweden’s GDP.

Instructions

Time plan

Please return the questionnaire by 19 April 2018.

Are the reported data under the protection of confidentiality agreement?

There is an obligation to provide information for this survey according to the Official Statistics Act (SFS 2001:99). The statistics is also regulated according to the Official Statistics Ordinance (SFS 2001:100) and SCB regulations (SCB-FS 2016:3).

The information you submit is held confidential according to chapter 24 section 8 of the Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act (2009:400). When the information is presented, no single enterprise can be identified.

Consultation has taken place with the Board of Swedish Industry and Commerce for Better Regulation.

Frequently asked questions

What is research?

Research is a systematic work to find new knowledge or new ideas with or without the aim of a particular purpose.

What are development activities?

Development is systematic work that uses research results, scientific knowledge or new ideas to bring about new materials, goods, services, processes, systems, methods or significant improvements of those that already exist.

How can one distinguish between ordinary business activities and R&D activities?

The basic criterion for distinguishing R&D from related activities is the presence in R&D of an appreciable element of novelty and the resolution of scientific and/or technological uncertainty, i.e. when the solution to a problem is not readily apparent to someone familiar with the basic stock of common knowledge and techniques for the area concerned.

In all R&D work, there should be an element of novelty. Normal engineering or examination that follows established procedures are not considered to be R&D. In serial production the development and construction of the prototype is R&D work, but the production of the first series unit is not. In the social sciences and humanities R & D work focused on further processing and the development of research and ideas based on previous results.

What if precise data on R&D is not available?

If precise data is not available or is difficult to gain access to, estimates and rounded figures may be submitted.

What if user ID and password is lost?

Please contact us and we will send the user ID and password again. If you contact us by mail, please tell us your corporate identity number and which address the information should be sent to.

Why is it important that we submit information?

For the statistical methodology to provide accurate results, it is equally important to get responses from all the companies in the sample, regardless if the enterprise conducts R&D or not.

The information is needed since R&D spending is treated as investment in GDP and the information submitted will be used to calculate GDP. The results from the R&D survey are also used as a basis for policy decisions and in research.

Are the reported data under the protection of confidentiality agreement?

The information you submit is held confidential according to chapter 24 section 8 of the Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act (2009:400). When the information is presented, no single enterprise can be identified. Consultation has taken place with the Board of Swedish Industry and Commerce for Better Regulation.

Can we be allowed a respite to submit data?

If you cannot submit data to SCB before deadline, please contact us. If you send e-mail, type the corporate registration number.

Can the enterprise get paid for submitting data to Statistics Sweden?

No. There is an obligation to provide information for the R&D survey, therefore no compensation.

Which reporting period should the information on R&D refer to?

The information should refer to the calendar year 2015. If your answers refer to another period due to a broken accounting year, then please state which period.

Which enterprises should be included in the figures?
Information should refer to the enterprise, i.e. the legal entity or accounting unit. Within a group of enterprises, each enterprise is its own survey unit, unless Statistics Sweden has notified otherwise.

Publishing of the results

The results of the survey are published in November at Statistic Sweden´s webpage.

Contact us

Simple URL: http://www.scb.se/fou-foretag-en