To main content

Regional Accounts 2013

Largest increase in volume of GDPR in Uppsala and Blekinge

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2015-12-15 9.30

Twelve of the counties showed a positive development in GDPR. Uppsala and Blekinge counties showed the largest increase in volume, followed by Västra Götaland. In the remaining nine counties the growth in volume of GDPR was negative, and the county of Södermanland showed the largest decrease.

Uppsala and Blekinge counties showed the largest increase in GDPR with volume increases of 4.0 percent respectively. Other counties with positive volume growth in 2013 were Västra Götaland at 2.9 percent and Halland County at 2.0 percent increase. Volume growth for Stockholm County was 1.7 percent. Nine of the counties showed negative growth in volume of GDPR, and the county of Södermanland showed the largest decrease by -4.1 percent.

GDPR per inhabitant: Stockholm and Norrbotten on top

Stockholm County showed the highest GDPR per inhabitant in 2013
(SEK 552 000 in current prices), followed by Norrbotten County (SEK 407 000 in current prices). The other counties fell below the national average (SEK 393 000 in current prices). The lowest GDPR per inhabitant was seen in Södermanland County (SEK 297 000 current prices).

The high level of GDPR per inhabitant in Stockholm County, as well as the low level in Södermanland County, is partly explained by commuting. For a discussion on the impact of commuting on GDPR per inhabitant, see ‘Definitions and explanations’ below.

Contribution to the GDP development: Stockholm and Västra Götaland contributed the most

The Swedish GDP increased by 1.2 percent in volume in 2013. The two largest counties of Stockholm and Västra Götaland showed the highest contribution to GDP with 0.5 percentage points respectively.

GDPR per employed person: Stockholm County at the top

In 2013 the national average for GDP per person employed was SEK 807 000. Stockholm County had the highest GDPR per employed person (SEK 981 000) followed by Norrbotten County (SEK 835 000). Gotland County showed the lowest GDPR per employed person (SEK 594 000).

Employment: Largest rate of increase in Norrbotten

Norrbotten County showed the largest rate of increase of employed persons in 2013 (+2.2 percent), followed by Uppsala County and Värmland County (+1.7 percent respectively). Stockholm County showed an increase as well (+1.6 percent). Jämtland County showed the greatest decline in the average number of employed persons (-0.9 percent) followed by Dalarna County (-0.6 percent).

Disposable income of households per region: Two counties above the national average

The national average for disposable income per inhabitant was SEK 192 000 in 2013. Only two counties showed a disposable income per inhabitant above the national average, Stockholm County at SEK 225 000 kronor and Halland County at SEK 198 000. The lowest disposable income per inhabitant was seen in Jämtland County and Värmland County at SEK 170 000 each.

Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF): GFCF increased in three regions

In 2013 GFCF increased in three out of eight NUTS2 regions (NUTS2, see ‘Definitions and explanations’ below). Stockholm had the largest increase, where GFCF increased by 9 percent in current prices, but bear in mind that GFCF decreased by almost 5 percent in 2012. Småland and Norra Mellansverige showed an increase by 8 percent and 1 percent respectively. In the other regions GFCF decreased and the largest decrease was shown in Mellersta Norrland where GFCF fell by 8 percent in current prices.

Various measures of GDPR and disposable income of households 2013
in volume
to change
in GDP
GDPR, per
per capita
 percentpercentagesSEK thousands,
current prices
SEK thousands,
current prices
SEK thousands,
current prices
1.7 0.5 552 981 225
4.0 0.1 371 805 190
‑4.1 ‑0.1 297 737 180
1.5 0.1 346 751 182
0.6 0.0 341 679 182
1.4 0.0 363 742 180
0.8 0.0 310 699 178
1.6 0.0 304 594 174
4.0 0.0 315 694 175
1.3 0.1 334 734 182
2.0 0.1 318 703 198
Västra Götalands
2.9 0.5 388 787 189
‑0.1 0.0 309 724 170
‑2.0 ‑0.1 342 744 175
1.2 0.0 334 742 186
‑1.4 0.0 329 740 178
‑0.2 0.0 313 710 176
‑1.5 0.0 351 756 180
‑0.7 0.0 323 709 170
‑1.8 0.0 334 704 174
‑0.3 0.0 407 835 187
1.2 1.2 393 807 192

Preliminary regional accounts 2014

Preliminary estimates are based on preliminary data sources and will be revised next year when definitive calculations of regional accounts are published. Preliminary data are compiled for GDPR, wages and salaries and average number of persons employed.

GDPR per capita

Highest GDPR per capita in 2014 was seen in Stockholm County at SEK 571 000 in current prices. This was followed by Norrbotten County at SEK 406 000. The other counties fell below the national average, which was SEK 404 000 in current prices. The lowest GDPR per capita was seen in Södermanland County at SEK 295 000.

GDPR per employed person

Stockholm County was also at the top regarding GDPR per employed person at SEK 1 009 000, followed by Norrbotten County at SEK 840 000. The national average amounted to SEK 827 000. Gotland County had the lowest GDPR per employed person at SEK 585 000.


The largest rate of increase in the average number of employed persons in 2014 was seen in Gotland County (+2.7 percent). Stockholm County was next, (+2.3 percent) followed by Skåne County (+1.9 percent). Two counties showed a decrease in employment, Värmland County decreased by 1.4 percent and Norrbotten decreased by 0.6 percent.

Various measures of GDPR 2014
per capita
GDPR per
employed person
 SEK thousand
current prices
SEK thousand
current prices
571 1 009
379 827
295 735
354 763
354 698
364 740
311 699
308 585
320 702
347 756
321 710
Västra Götaland
403 817
313 746
349 753
333 738
340 760
318 726
358 769
338 742
339 711
406 840
404 827

Definitions and explanations

Regional Accounts are compiled according to the ESA 2010 regulations (European System of National and Regional Accounts) and covers the period 2000–2014. Calculations at the municipal level have been implemented for the years 2012 to 2014.

GDPR is an indicator of a region’s output and can therefore be used for measuring and comparing the degree of economic activity of different regions. GDPR is not a measure of regional welfare or regional income. The sum of all regions’ GDPR is, by definition, equal to the GDP of the nation.

The figures on change in volume for individual counties fluctuate considerably from one year to another, which calls for a word of caution. Instead of looking at a county’s change in volume for an individual year, the time frame should be extended to a few years in succession.

Commuting between regions affects GDPR per inhabitant. Commuters contribute to the production and GDPR of the region in which they work, but belong to the population of the region in which they reside. Commuting in to a region therefore affects that region's GDPR per inhabitant upwards while commuting out from the region naturally affects GDPR per inhabitant downwards.

GDPR per inhabitant is also influenced by population structures. A region with a relatively large share of the population outside the labour market/production (pensioners, children, etc.) tends to have a lower GDPR per inhabitant than a region where a larger share of the population participates in production.

The industrial structure affects GDPR per employed person. A region with a large proportion of capital intensive industries, with high operating surpluses in combination with few employees, tends to have a relatively high GDPR per employed person. By definition, general government reports no operating surpluses (or rather, reports operating surpluses equal to zero). Therefore, a region with a large proportion of its population employed in general government or in industries with low, or even negative, operating surpluses tends to have a relatively low GDPR per employed person. It should also be noted that the number of employed persons in a region consists of all the people working in that region (both the region’s inhabitants and people commuting in from other regions).

Households’ disposable income is an indicator of the consumption possibilities and savings possibilities of the households. The regional differences are smaller in households’ disposable income per inhabitant than in GDPR per inhabitant. Income is redistributed between individuals (and between regions) through government transfers.

Employment and compensation of employees according to Regional Accounts cannot be directly compared to other statistics on employment and compensation of employees published by Statistics Sweden since Regional Accounts are required to apply the ESA 2010 regulations (European System of national and regional account).

Regional subdivision is made in accordance with NUTS (Nomenclature des Unités Territoriales Statistics), the regional classification used in the EU. NUTS 0 refers to the whole nation, NUTS 1 contains 3 major regions, NUTS 2 consists of 8 regions, NUTS 3 contains 21 counties and LAU2 (Local Administrative Units, previously called NUTS5) consists of 290 municipalities.

Next publishing will be

The next press release in this series will be published 2016-12-15 at 09:30.

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, National Accounts



Jenny Lunneborg

+46 10 479 44 42