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National accounts: Monthly GDP indicator, December 2021

GDP indicator: Continued growth in December

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2022-01-28 8.00

Sweden’s GDP increased by 0.3 percent in December, seasonally adjusted and compared with the previous month, as shown in the preliminary compilation of the GDP indicator. For the fourth quarter as a whole, GDP grew by 1.4 percent, seasonally adjusted and compared with the previous quarter.

The GDP indicator provides an early picture of the development of the gross domestic product, GDP. It is compiled on a monthly and quarterly basis with more limited and preliminary statistics than the regular quarterly national accounts. The monthly version of the indicator lies outside the official statistics and is classified as statistics under construction.

In December, GDP was 7.0 percent higher than in the corresponding month a year ago. For the fourth quarter as a whole, GDP grew by 6.2 percent compared with the same quarter a year ago. Both December and the fourth quarter as a whole had one additional working day in comparison with the corresponding periods last year.

“The year ended with continued growth in December following a quarter with steady development throughout the period” says Melker Loberg, economist at Statistics Sweden.

GDP, seasonally adjusted volume development and index (2020 = 100)


Balancing and revisions

In a first step, the GDP indicator calculates two separate GDP outcomes from the production and use side of the economy. Then a reconciliation is made in which one side is adjusted downwards and the other side is adjusted upwards to arrive at a single final result. Before reconciliation, the statistical data in December presented actual GDP development from the use side of 8.1 percent and corresponding development for the production side of 8.3 percent, both compared with the same month a year ago. In line with ordinary balancing procedures, this results in a reconciled actual GDP development of 8.2 percent ahead of benchmarking to quarterly GDP-growth.

For the fourth quarter as a whole, actual GDP development was 6.5 percent for the use side and 6.8 percent for the production side compared with the corresponding quarter a year ago. This resulted in actual GDP growth of 6.6 percent.

In accordance with revision policy for the GDP indicator, only months in the current quarter have been revised, that is, October and November.

GDP, actual development from the production and use side and reconciled results in current and previous publications
  Published 28/01/2022 Published 10/01/2022
  Production Use Reconciled Production Use Reconciled
October 4.6 3.5 4.1 4.3 3.0 3.6
November 7.4 7.6 7.5 6.6 6.9 6.7
December 8.3 8.1 8.2      
Fourth quarter 6.8 6.5 6.6      

Additional information

Time series and revision history for the GDP indicator.

For more information about the indicator, see Compilation of the Swedish GDP indicator.

Next publishing will be

The GDP indicator for January 2022 will be published on 2021-03-09 at 08.00.

The ordinary calculation of the fourth quarter 2021 will be published 2021-02-28 at 08.00.

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, National Accounts

Solna strandväg 86
171 54 Solna


Melker Pettersson Loberg

+46 10 479 43 74

Mattias Kain Wyatt

+46 10-479 43 56