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Labour Market Tendency Survey 2019

Major shortage of specialist nurses

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2019-12-10 9.30

The Labour Market Tendency Survey 2019 shows a major shortage of nurses - mainly specialist nurses. There is a continued shortage of teachers in many areas of specialisation. At the same time, there is a shortage of recent graduates with upper secondary vocational education. Employees report reduced shortages from certain educational programmes compared with last year.

Largest shortage among specialist nurses in psychiatric care

The Labour Market Tendency Survey 2019 shows a major shortage of educated specialist nurses. More than 8 out of 10 employers report a shortage of recently graduated specialist nurses in psychiatric care, as well as nurses specialised in anesthesia, and intensive and surgical care. There is also a large shortage of first-level nurses and radiology nurses.

Shortage of recent graduates with upper secondary vocational education remains

Employers report shortages of applicants from many of the examined upper secondary vocational programmes. A shortage of job seekers trained in construction, vehicle repair and maintenance persists, and 8 out of 10 employers report shortages. Employers have also have experienced recruitment difficulties with regard to recent graduates educated in natural resources use, an area in which 9 out of 10 employers report skills shortages.

Major shortage of leisure time pedagogues

There is a continued shortage of educated primary teachers specialised as leisure time pedagogues, and subject teachers for grades 7-9 specialised in mathematics and natural sciences. Employers also report recruitment difficulties concerning vocational teachers. At the same time, many teachers in this area are expected to retire within the next few years. The results of the survey show that the supply of job seekers with upper secondary child and leisure education is more well-balanced, compared with last year, when employers reported a shortage.

Good supply of educated journalists

In the area of social sciences, the supply of recently graduated job seekers is generally good or well-balanced. Law, journalism and social sciences are examples of educational programmes in which about half of the employers report a good supply of recent graduates. On the other hand, employers state that there is a shortage of job seekers educated as programmers and systems analysts.

Smaller shortages from some educational programmes

Employers report smaller shortages of recent graduates from some educational programmes, compared with last year. This year’s survey also reports a reduced shortage of dental hygienists. Pharmacy is an example of an educational programme from which employers reported a shortage in 2018, but which shows a well-balanced supply this year.

Programmers and systems analysts are still on high demand

Eight out of ten employers report that they will need to increase the number of employed programmers and systems analysts over the next three years. Other educational programmes from which employers report increased employment needs include the areas of technology and manufacturing, and health and social care.

Educational programmes in which the largest proportion of employers have reported shortage of recent graduates and applicants with professional experience, respectively
Recently graduatedWith professional experience

Specialist nurses in psychiatric care

Natural resources use*
Natural resources use * MSc engineers: Structural engineering
Specialist nurses in anesthesia, intensive and surgical care Specialist nurses in psychiatric care
Radiology nurses Vehicle repair and maintenance*
Leisure time pedagogues  First level nurses

Educational programmes in which the largest proportion of employers predict that the number of employees will increase
Up to 2022 

Programmers and systems analysts

MSc engineers: Electronics, computer technicians and automation


Bachelor of Science in structural engineering and electricity, electronics and computer technology

Heating, ventilation and sanitation*

*Upper secondary education

Definitions and explanations

The Labour Market Tendency Survey 2019 is a survey that provides information on the current labour market situation and prospects for the coming years for 70 educational programmes, of which 13 are upper secondary level and 57 are in higher education. Every year in the autumn, roughly 10 000 forms are sent to about 7 200 personnel managers at selected workplaces. Questions are asked about the supply of applicants (Good supply/Balance/Shortage), and how they expect the number of employees with the current educational programmes to change in a one-year and in a three-year perspective (Increase/No change/Decrease).


The results of the Labour Market Tendency Survey are published in the Statistical Database. Time series, including margins of error, from 2005 to 2019 for all 70 educational programmes are presented. 

The results will also be published in the folder “Arbetskraftsbarometern 2019 – Vilka utbildningar ger jobb”, which is mainly addressed to pupils and students who will be choosing their training and educational programmes. The folder presents statistics on each programme and summarises the results of the year, together with statistics on wages and salaries and other facts about the programmes.

Labour Market Tendency Survey 2019 

Next publishing will be

Labour Market Tendency Survey 2020, 2020-12-09 at 09:30

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency and producer

Statistics Sweden, Forecast Institute

Solna strandväg 86
171 54 Solna


Gulzat Elvung

+46 10 479 58 45

Karin E Lundström

+46 10 479 40 39