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Research and Experimental development in the Business enterprise sector 2017

R&D activities increased among Swedish enterprises

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2018-11-21 9.30

Intramural R&D in Swedish enterprises increased in 2017 compared with 2015. According to the outcome of the 2017 survey, expenditure on intramural R&D amounted to SEK 111 billion in 2017, up by 12 percent compared with 2015. Time spent by enterprises’ employees on R&D, measured in full-time equivalents, also increased.

Expenditure on intramural R&D increased by SEK 11.8 billion compared with 2015, in constant 2017 prices. Expenditure as share of GDP rose from 2.26 percent to 2.42 percent. The share of activity accounted for by the goods-producing part of the sector shifted from 70 percent to 55 percent.

Intramural R&D expenditure 2005–2017 (2017 price level), by industry, SEK million, as share of GDP

Diagram: Intramural R&D expenditure 2005–2017 (2017 price level), by industry, SEK million, as share of GDP

Ahead of the 2017 survey, the OECD definition of R&D was revised. This definition is used worldwide in the production of R&D data. There is reason to believe that the implementation of the new definition has caused some enterprises to rethink their assessment of their R&D performance, compared with the 2015 survey.

The increase in expenditure coincided with a shift in a large part of the expenditure from the goods-producing part of the sector to the service-producing part. This is due to a change in the population. This change is reflected in the figure above and in the table below.

Intramural BERD 2013–2017, selected industries and aggregates, 2017 prices, SEK million
NACE rev. 2 201320152017
01-99All industries 92 570 99 112 110 933
01-43 Goods-producing enterprises 66 254 69 936 61 684
25-28 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment, Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, Manufacture of electrical equipment, Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 29 892 31 845 15 773
29-30 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers, Manufacture of other transport equipment 19 520 21 079 29 303
45-99 Service-producing enterprises 26 317 29 175 49 249
45-47+55-56 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, Accommodation, Food and beverage service activities 5 683 5 965 7 060
58-63 Publishing activities, Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording, and music publishing activities, Programming and broadcasting activities, Telecommunications, Computer programming, consultancy and related activities, Information service activities 4 871 6 477 21 862
71 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis 2 066 2 351 2 975
72 Scientific research and development 9 424 9 607 12 271

In terms of time spent on R&D by employees, measured in full-time equivalents (FTE), R&D activity is up by roughly 10 percent compared with 2015. As with the expenditure, this increase may be affected, in part, by the new definition.
The distribution of men and women in businesses’ R&D activities has remained unchanged since 2007. Then, as now, the share of FTEs carried out by women is roughly 25 percent. With regard to the occupation researcher, the share is even lower – roughly 22 percent. Although the share of FTEs carried out by women is slightly higher among service-producing enterprises, only a small part of all sub-industries are gender equal according to the 40/60 rule.

Full-time equivalents in intramural R&D activities, business enterprise sector, 2017, by occupation and sex, by main industry affiliation

Chart Full-time equivalents in intramural R&D activities, business enterprise sector, 2017, by occupation and sex, by main industry affiliation

Companies use various sources to fund their R&D expenditure. These sources have remained relatively stable over time, although the share of enterprises’ own funding has increased slightly since 2015. The share of funding from other enterprises in Sweden has decreased.

Intramural R&D expenditure, business enterprise sector, by source of funds, 2017, shares

Chart Intramural R&D expenditure, business enterprise sector, by source of funds, 2017, shares

Definitions and explanations

Important information

Information on the revision of the OECD definition of R&D can be found in the Frascati Manual 2015.

Frascati manual 2015

All R&D statistics are based on the concept and definitions in this manual.
For more information, or if you have questions on the results, please contact us.

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

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