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Environmental Accounts – Emissions to air Q2 2021

Greenhouse gas emissions from Sweden’s economy increased

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2021-10-28 9.30

Greenhouse gas emissions from Sweden’s economy increased by 7 percent in the second quarter of 2021 compared with the same quarter in 2020. This is due to increased emissions in the transport sector, in particular from aviation.

Statistics on greenhouse gas and other air emissions from Sweden’s economy for the second quarter of 2021 are now available from Statistics Sweden’s Environmental Accounts. These statistics are classified by economic activity and include emissions from all Swedish economic actors, including households.

In the second quarter of 2021, total greenhouse gas emissions from Sweden’s economy amounted to 13 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents. This is an increase of 7 percent compared with the corresponding quarter in 2020. Sweden’s GDP increased over the same period by 10 percent.

The economy’s greenhouse gas intensity, that is greenhouse gas emissions per Swedish krona of production in the economy, continued to decrease in the second quarter of 2021.

Greenhouse gas emissions, GDP and emissions intensity, constant prices 2020, not seasonally adjusted 2008Q1 – 2021 Q2, Index 2008Q1 =100


Source: Statistics Sweden.

Greenhouse gas emissions increased in the transport sector

Greenhouse gas emissions increased in many sectors in the second quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in 2020. The largest increase was noted in the transport sector, where emissions in the second quarter of 2021 were 26 percent higher than in the corresponding quarter in 2020. Within the transport sector, the increase was particularly significant for aviation, which can be attributed to reduced aviation during the second quarter of 2020 due to COVID-19. From an economic perspective, value added in the transport sector increased by 22 percent.

Noticeable increases in emissions can be seen across multiple sectors. In the manufacturing industry, greenhouse gas emissions increased by 8 percent in the second quarter of 2021, while value added increased by 31 percent. 

Although the level of emissions has increased in most sectors in the second quarter compared to the same period in 2020, emissions are still lower than in the corresponding period in 2019.

Greenhouse gas emissions and value added, by NACE industry aggregate, percentage change 2021 Q2 compared to 2020 Q2


Source: Statistics Sweden.

Greenhouse gas emissions and value added, by NACE industry aggregate, 2021 Q2, not seasonally adjusted. Thousand tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents, SEK millions, constant prices 2020
NACE 2007 industryGreenhouse gas emissions  Value Added
 2021Q2Change compared
to same
quarter 2020
2021Q2Change compared
to same
quarter 2020
Agriculture, forestry and fishery 2 279 36 1.6% 18 317 77 0.4%
Mining 285 ‑7 ‑2.4% 7 558 ‑28 ‑0.4%
Manufacturing 3 470 263 8.2% 164 644 39 221 31.3%
Electricity, gas, heat, water, waste 1 548 7 0.4% 28 482 ‑87 ‑0.3%
Construction 533 36 7.2% 89 000 2 710 3.1%
Transport 1 476 306 26.2% 43 941 7 920 22.0%
Other services 914 50 5.8% 580 383 51 162 9.7%
Public sector 152 15 10.6% 247 563 14 454 6.2%
Households and non-profit institutions [1] 2 312 129 5.9% 15 296 805 5.6%
Total economy 12 968 836 6.9% 1 195 184 116 234 10.8%

Source: Statistics Sweden

[1] Only non-profit institutions provide value added. Source: Statistics Sweden. [2] GDP with a production approach.

Definitions and explanations

The System of Environmental Economic Accounting (SEEA) is constructed using the national accounts as a foundation and presents environmental and economic statistics in a common system. The SEEA makes it possible to analyse interactions between the economy and the environment. The starting point is Swedish economic actors’ environmental pressures, irrespective of where in the world they occur.

The statistics produced here use a production perspective. This means that emissions are allocated to the actor and sector that produces the emissions. Indirect emissions arising due to imports and other consumption are not included.

The statistics produced here are not used directly to measure emissions in relation to nationally and internationally agreed climate targets. Statistics with a territorial perspective are used for that purpose. More information about different perspectives for emissions accounting is available on the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s website (in Swedish):

Tre sätt att beräkna klimatpåverkande utsläpp (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency)

A residence adjustment is applied to adapt statistical sources with a territorial perspective used to produce these statistics to the national and environmental accounts’ economic perspective. The residence adjustment applies primarily to transport: heavy-duty road transport (primarily within H49 land transport companies, but also other industries, such as construction), water transport (H50) and air transport (H51). The residence adjustment for heavy-duty road transport is based on data on transport work (in tonne-km) for Swedish companies abroad and foreign companies in Sweden, with data from Transport Analysis (Trafikanalys). For water transport and air transport, the residence adjustment is based on data for Swedish companies’ expenditure on fuel from Statistics Sweden’s database on intermediate use in the economy, PRIOR.

Emissions and sequestration due to land use (LULUCF) and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) are not included in the statistics.

Modelling assumptions for mobile emissions

For the reference periods 2008 Q1 – 2017Q4 and 2020Q1 onwards, the air emissions for non-road machinery, road transport and aviation have been calculated with the monthly fuel, gas and inventory statistics as a source. For reference periods 2018Q1 – 2019Q4 the register of reports to the Swedish Energy Agency in accordance with Sweden’s implementation of the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) have been used to calculate the air emissions from these sources. The reason for returning to the monthly fuel, gas and inventory statistics as a source beginning 2020Q1 and onwards is that producers of these statistics assess the data for those time periods to be of high quality. Comparisons between the period 2018Q1 – 2019Q4 and other periods in the time series should therefore be done with care. 

Next publishing will be

The next statistical news on quarterly emissions to air for the third quarter of 2021 is scheduled for January 2021.

Statistical Database

More information is available in the Statistical Database

Feel free to use the facts from this statistical news but remember to state Source: Statistics Sweden.

Statistical agency

Statistics Sweden


Susanna Roth

+46 10 479 48 03

Amanda Karlsson

+46 10 479 69 76